IRA: Required Minimum Distributions

Generally, regulations require traditional and rollover IRA owners to withdraw funds beginning at age 70 1/2, and every year thereafter.  Determining your Required Minimum Distribution (RMD) is significant while retaining an IRA, considering both your life expectancy and the IRA's fair market value.

The required amount for each eligible person is based on the December 31 IRA account value of the previous year and the IRA owners date of birth.  Your spouse's date of birth may also be a factor if your spouse is at least 10 years younger than you.  Interactive Brokers LLC provides several information resources to understand and calculate your RMD, including access one an on-line RMD Calculator.

Custodian's Role

January RMD Notification

Beginning RMD Distributions

Requesting Your RMD Withdrawal

Determining Your RMD

Calculating Your RMD 

Custodian's Role

IB serves as trustee of your retirement plan, providing administration and compliance service.  In addition, the plan trustee is required to notify you about your RMD.

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January RMD Notification

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) requires the plan custodian, IB, to notify IRA owners about the RMD requirements by January 31 each year.  If you turn 70 1/2 this year, you are required to begin taking RMDs before April 1 of the following year.

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Beginning RMD Distributions

Eligible IRA owners must begin receiving withdrawals by December 31 of the year they reach age 70 1/2.  The first RMD withdrawal, however, may be delayed until April 1 of the following year.  

If you elect to delay the withdrawal, then please observe the following considerations:   (1) Two RMD withdrawals will be required the following year, the undistributed initial RMD and the new RMD.  (2) The new RMD will be slightly larger due to the December 31 market value's inclusion of the undistributed initial RMD.

Subsequent RMD withdrawals from your IRA must be distributed by December 31 to avoid a penalty tax.

Note:  Roth IRAs are exempt from the RMD rules during the IRA owner's lifetime.

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Requesting Your RMD Withdrawal

Log in to your Interactive Brokers account through Account Management to request an IRA withdrawal of funds. 

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Determining Your RMD

The RMD is determined by dividing your account's prior year December 31 value by your life expectancy factor as taken from the IRS life expectancy tables.   This RMD must be calculated for each of your IRA accounts.  Worksheets for calculating one's RMD are available on the IRS website

Calculating Your RMD

The IRA Required Minimum Distribution Worksheetsassist with the calculation of your RMD.  See the Life Expectancy Tables in IRS Publication 590 for additional resources.  Your IRA beneficiary election may play an important role in determining your RMD, as well. 

Note: If you have multiple IRAs, then you may combine the total year end values and take the distribution from one, each, or any combination of your IRAs.

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Disclaimer:  IB does not provide tax advice. These statements are provided for information purposes only, are not intended to constitute tax advice which may be relied upon to avoid penalties under any international, federal, state, local or other tax statutes or regulations, and do not resolve any tax issues in your favor. We recommend that you consult a qualified tax adviser or refer to the U.S. Internal Revenue Service.