SEC Sections 13(d) and 13(g) Filing Requirements

Introduction

The following article is intended to provide an overview of U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) Sections 13(d) and 13(g) Filing Requirements. The overview is general in nature, and readers are encouraged to review the specific regulations and/or consult with a compliance professional to determine the applicability to their particular situation.

Background on Schedules 13D and 13G

These rules apply to anyone who “beneficially owns” Section 12 securities as defined in the Act. This generally includes shares you own or manage. Specifically, you are deemed to “beneficially own” for purposes of Section 13(d) a security if you have, either directly or indirectly:
• The power to vote or direct the voting of a security;
• The power to dispose or direct the disposition of a security; or
• The right to acquire “beneficial ownership” of such security within 60 days through the exercise of an option or warrant or the exercise of a conversion right in a convertible security.

To determine whether you “beneficially own” more than 5% of a class of equity security, measure the amount you are deemed to “beneficially own” against the total amount of outstanding securities of that class. You may rely upon the issuer’s most recent quarterly or annual report (10-Q or 10-K) filed with the SEC and any current report (Form 8-K) filed later in identifying the amount of outstanding shares. You must include any equity securities you may obtain within 60 days through the conversion or exercise of options, warrants or other as outstanding shares in this calculation. But you do not need to include similar non-exercised or converted shares held by anyone else.
 

 

What filings you must make

Your initial Schedule 13D filing must be made within 10 days of the trade date on which you first exceeded the 5% threshold. Disclosures in Schedule 13D must be current through the date of filing.

Schedule 13D filings must also be promptly amended, within two business days, to reflect any material changes. This includes the acquisition or disposition of 1% or more of the reported securities or significant changes in any intent you may have to control the issuer.

Some traders may be able to file an abbreviated filing—called a 13G—instead of a 13D. This option is available to passive investors owning less than 20% of the security or exempt investors owning more than 5% of an issuer’s shares before the issuer’s registration of the class of securities. In addition, SEC or state-registered advisors can only file a Schedule 13G if they have acquired the relevant securities in the ordinary course of the firm’s advisory business and not for the purpose of or with the effect of influencing control of the issuer. Also, the advisor must have notified any discretionary account owner on whose behalf the advisor holds more than 5% of relevant equity securities of his potential reporting obligation. Very specific filing thresholds and deadlines apply to initial and amended Schedule 13G filings.
 

 

Important Notes

• Please keep in mind that your clients and your firm’s direct and indirect control persons(which may include partners, shareholders and parent companies) may have their own independent reporting obligations.

• You should independently review your Schedule 13D and 13G filing obligations. There are many factual determinations that may impact whether you must make a filing or amend a prior filing, which Schedule you must file (or amend), and when you must make your filing.

Interactive Brokers will provide you, on a best efforts basis, with notices only when you cross certain thresholds (5%, 10%, 20%) or a significant change in the percentage of shares you manage occurs. There may be other situations that give rise to the need to file a Schedule 13D or 13G for which you will not receive an alert from Interactive Brokers.

Interactive Brokers will only send you one initial filing alert for each threshold you cross. We will only resend you an initial filing alert if you cross one of the three thresholds (5%, 10% or 20%) that is higher than the threshold you have crossed before. (i.e., we will not tell you if you crossed the 5% threshold if you have already crossed the 10% threshold.) Therefore, please continually monitor your positions and make the appropriate filing(s) after you receive an initial filing or amendment notice.

You should monitor holdings of specific classes of issuer equity securities in the accounts you manage to ensure compliance with your Schedule 13D or 13G filing and amendment obligations.

• Notices do not cover (nor will they take into account) certain securities not commonly traded through Interactive Brokers, namely equities in:

a. an insurance company that would have to be registered except for the exemption from registration in Section 12(g)(2)(G) of the Act;

b. a closed-end investment company registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940; or

c. a Native Corporation pursuant to Section 1639c(d)(6) of title 43.

You should therefore separately account for and analyze any holdings of such equity securities you may have to comply with Section 13(d) of the Act.

• Alerts sent are based exclusively on the beneficial ownership of relevant securities of the specific advisor identified. The alerts will not account for any group aggregation rules that may apply when two or more persons agree to act together for the purpose of acquiring, holding, voting or disposing of the equity securities of an issuer.

Alerts sent relate solely to holdings in accounts maintained at Interactive Brokers and not any accounts maintained elsewhere. But you should take any accounts you maintain elsewhere into consideration when determining whether you must file or amend a Schedule 13D or 13G and what information to include in those schedules.

• Alerts sent will not take into consideration your Schedule 13D or 13G filing obligations arising prior to the date of Interactive Broker's implementation of this alert program.
 

For Additional Information

For more information on Schedules 13D and 13G, please visit the SEC website at:

http://www.sec.gov/answers/sched13.htm  and 

https://www.sec.gov/divisions/corpfin/guidance/reg13d-interp.htm