Presentación de los productos empaquetados o basados en seguros

ANTECEDENTES
En 2018 entró en vigor un reglamento europeo que tiene por objeto la protección de los clientes "minoristas" por medio de la divulgación de información adecuada en el momento de comprar determinados productos. Este reglamento, conocido como el Reglamento sobre los productos de inversión minorista vinculados y los productos de inversión basados en seguros (MiFID II, Directiva 2014/65/EU), abarca cualquier inversión en la que el importe reembolsable al cliente esté sujeto a fluctuaciones debido a la exposición a valores de referencia o a la evolución de uno o más activos no adquiridos directamente por el inversor minorista. En este tipo de productos se encuentran opciones, futuros, CFD, ETF, ETN y otros tipos de productos estructurados.

Es importante tener en cuenta que los brókeres no pueden permitir que los clientes minoristas compren productos empaquetados o basados en seguros salvo si el emisor de dichos productos proporciona el documento de advertencia correspondiente con el fin de que los brókeres lo puedan facilitar a los clientes. Este documento, denominado 'documento de datos fundamentales', contiene información de referencia sobre la descripción, perfiles de riesgos y rentabilidad, y posibles escenarios de rentabilidad. Los clientes estadounidenses no están afectados por los productos empaquetados o basados en seguros y, por tanto, los emisores de algunos ETF cotizados estadounidenses más populares normalmente optan por no elaborar documentos de datos fundamentales. Es por esto por lo que los clientes minoristas EEE no pueden comprar dicho producto.

CLASIFICACIÓN DE CLIENTES
IBKR clasifica los clientes particulares como clientes "minoristas" de manera predeterminada, dado que esta clasificación les permite obtener el nivel de protección más amplio ofrecido por el MiFID. Los clientes clasificados como “profesionales” no obtienen el mismo nivel de protección que los clientes minoristas, pero no están sujetos a los requisitos expuestos en los documentos de datos fundamentales. De conformidad con lo dispuesto en el MiFID II, en la categoría de clientes "profesionales" se incluyen entidades reguladas, grandes empresas y particulares que hayan solicitado su reclasificación como clientes profesionales electivos ('elective professionals') y que cumplen los requisitos establecidos en el MiFID II sobre conocimientos, experiencia y competencias financieras.

IB proporciona un proceso en línea que permite que los clientes minoristas soliciten su reclasificación como profesionales. En el artículo KB3298 se proporciona información relacionada con los requisitos de reclasificación, junto con los pasos a seguir para realizar revisión de la clasificación. Para solicitar directamente el cambio de su clasificación, puede encontrar el cuestionario en Client Portal/Gestión de cuenta.
 

Aperçu sur le PRIIP

Contexte
En 2018, une réglementation européenne visant à protéger les clients de "détail" (clients privés) en veillant à ce qu'ils reçoivent les informations adéquates lorsqu'ils achètent certains produits, est entrée en vigueur. Cette réglementation est connue sous le nom de Règlement sur les Produits d'investissement packagés de détail et fondés sur l'assurance (MiFID II, Directive 2014/65/EU), ou PRIIP, et elle couvre tout investissement dont le montant payable aux clients fluctue en raison de l'exposition à des valeurs de référence ou à la performance d'un ou plusieurs actifs qui n'est pas acheté directement par cet investisseur de détail. Les options, contrats à terme, CFD, ETF, ETN et autres produits structurés en sont des exemples.

Il est important de noter qu'un courtier ne peut pas autoriser un client de détail à acheter un produit couvert par le PRIIP à moins que l'émetteur de ce produit ait préparé le document d'information requis que le courtier devra fournir au client. Ce document d'information appelé document d'information clé, ou KID, contient des informations importantes telles qu'une description générale, le coût, le profil risque/gains et les scénarios de performance possibles. Les clients des États-Unis ne sont pas impactés par le PRIIP. Aussi, certains émetteurs des ETF les plus populaires cotées aux États-Unis choisissent souvent de ne pas créer de KID. Mais cela signifie qu'un client de détail dans l'EEE ne peut pas acheter ce produit.

CLASSIFICATION DES CLIENTS
IBKR classe tous les clients individuels comme des clients "de détail" par défaut car cela leur permet de bénéficier du niveau de protection le plus élevé dans le cadre du MiFID. Les clients classés dans la catégorie “Professionnel” ne reçoivent pas le même niveau de protection que les clients "De détail" et ne sont pas soumis à l'exigence d'un "KID" Les clients "Professionnels", tels que définis par les règles MiFID II, incluent les entités régulées, les clients et personnes répondant à certains critères de taille qui ont demandé à passer dans la catégorie "clients professionnels sur demande"(elective professionals) et qui remplissent les critères définis par le règlement MiFID II en termes de connaissance, expérience et capacité financière.

IB fournit un procédé étape par étape qui permet aux "Clients de détail" de demander à changer de catégorie pour devenir "Professionnels". Vous trouvez les critères pour un changement de catégorie ainsi que les étapes de la demande dans l'article KB3298 ou, si vous souhaitez faire une demande directement, le questionnaire est disponible dans votre Portail Client/Gestion de compte.
 

PRIIP概述

背景
2018年,一項歐盟新規生效,該新規旨在對“零售”客戶進行保護,確保其在買入某種產品時能夠獲得充分的披露信息。該法規被稱為零售及保險投資產品組合法規(MiFID II指令2014/65/EU)或PRIIP,其覆蓋了所有應付給客戶的金額會受參考值或一種或多種并非由該等零售投資者直接買入之資產的業績表現影響而波動的投資。常見列子包括期權、期貨、差價合約、ETF、ETN和其它結搆性產品。

值得注意的是,經紀商不得允許零售客戶購買PRIIP覆蓋的產品,除非該產品的發行機搆已經備好了要求的披露文件讓經紀商提供給客戶。這種披露文件被稱為關鍵信息文件(“KID”),包括產品描述、成本、風險回報情況及可能的業績情境等信息。美國客戶不受PRIIP影響,因此,某些美國掛牌ETF的發行機搆通常不會創建關鍵信息文件。這就意味著,歐洲經濟區(“EEA”)的零售客戶可能無法購買此類產品。

客戶分類
IBKR默認將所有個人客戶分類為“零售”客戶,因為這樣可以給與客戶MiFID提供的最廣泛的保護。被分類為“專業”客戶的客戶無法享受“零售”客戶級別的保護,但同時也不需要受KID文件要求的限制。根據MiFID II的定義,“專業”客戶包括受監管的實體、大型客戶和要求被重新分類為“選擇性專業客戶”并且在知識、經驗和財務實力方面滿足MiFID II要求的個人。

IB提供了線上程序可供“零售”客戶申請將其分類更改為“專業”。重新分類的資格要求以及申請重新分類的步驟,請參見KB3298,如果要直接申請更改分類,可通過客戶端/賬戶管理中的相關問卷進行。
 

PRIIP概述

背景
2018年,一项欧盟新规生效,该新规旨在对“零售”客户进行保护,确保其在买入某种产品时能够获得充分的披露信息。该法规被称为零售及保险投资产品组合法规(MiFID II指令2014/65/EU)或PRIIP,其覆盖了所有应付给客户的金额会受参考值或一种或多种并非由该等零售投资者直接买入之资产的业绩表现影响而波动的投资。常见列子包括期权、期货、差价合约、ETF、ETN和其它结构性产品。

值得注意的是,经纪商不得允许零售客户购买PRIIP覆盖的产品,除非该产品的发行机构已经备好了要求的披露文件让经纪商提供给客户。这种披露文件被称为关键信息文件(“KID”),包括产品描述、成本、风险回报情况及可能的业绩情境等信息。美国客户不受PRIIP影响,因此,某些美国挂牌ETF的发行机构通常不会创建关键信息文件。这就意味着,欧洲经济区(“EEA”)的零售客户可能无法购买此类产品。

客户分类
IBKR默认将所有个人客户分类为“零售”客户,因为这样可以给与客户MiFID提供的最广泛的保护。被分类为“专业”客户的客户无法享受“零售”客户级别的保护,但同时也不需要受KID文件要求的限制。根据MiFID II的定义,“专业”客户包括受监管的实体、大型客户和要求被重新分类为“选择性专业客户”并且在知识、经验和财务实力方面满足MiFID II要求的个人。

IB提供了线上程序可供“零售”客户申请将其分类更改为“专业”。重新分类的资格要求以及申请重新分类的步骤,请参见KB3298,如果要直接申请更改分类,可通过客户端/账户管理中的相关问卷进行。
 

Общие сведения о PRIIP

ВВОДНАЯ ИНФОРМАЦИЯ
В 2018 году была введена новая директива ЕС, предназначенная дли защиты клиентов, входящих в категорию розничных, посредством обеспечения их надлежащими уведомлениями при покупке определенных продуктов. Она известна как Закон ЕС об инвестиционных продуктах розничного и страхового бизнеса (MiFID II, Директива 2014/65/ЕС) или PRIIP и охватывает все инвестиции, где выплачиваемая клиенту сумма может колебаться в силу ее зависимости от справочных показателей или динамики активов, не находящихся в прямом владении данного розничного инвестора. Типичные примеры таких продуктов включают опционы, фьючерсы, CFD, ETF, ETN и другие структурированные финансовые инструменты.

Важно заметить, что брокер запретит розничному клиенту покупку продукта, подпадающего под условия PRIIP, если у эмитента будет отсутствовать уведомительный документ, необходимый брокеру для передачи этому клиенту. Речь идет о ключевой информационной документации или KID (англ. Key Information Document) - она содержит такие сведения, как описание продукта, стоимость, соотношение риска и прибыли, а также возможные сценарии производительности. PRIIP не затрагивает клиентов из США, поэтому эмитенты некоторых популярных американских ETF предпочитают не составлять KID. Это значит, что розничные клиенты из Европейской экономической зоны (англ. European Economic Area или EEA) не могут купить такие продукты.

КЛАССИФИКАЦИЯ КЛИЕНТОВ
IBKR классифицирует всех частных клиентов как розничных по умолчанию, поскольку это обеспечивает их самым высоким уровнем защиты в рамках MiFID. Клиенты, относящиеся к категории профессионалов, менее защищены в отличие от розничных, но на них не распространяется требование о документации KID. Согласно определению MiFID II профессионалы - это поднадзорные юридические лица, крупные клиенты, а также индивиды, которые запросили статус "Профессионал по выбору" и отвечают требованиям MiFID II относительно уровня знаний, опыта и финансовых возможностей.

IB предлагает клиентам возможность онлайн-запроса смены категории с "Розничный" на "Профессионал". Требования и пошаговые инструкции приведены в статье KB3298. Для отправки прямого запроса о переклассификации воспользуйтесь соответствующей анкетой в "Портале клиентов" или "Управлении счетом".
 

PRIIPs Overview

BACKGROUND
In 2018, an EU regulation, intended to protect “Retail” clients by ensuring that they are provided with adequate disclosure when purchasing certain products took effect. This regulation is known as the Packaged Retail and Insurance-based Investment Product Regulation (MiFID II, Directive 2014/65/EU), or PRIIPs, and it covers any investment where the amount payable to the client fluctuates because of exposure to reference values or to the performance of one or more assets not directly purchased by such retail investor. Common examples of such products include options, futures, CFDs, ETFs, ETNs and other structured products.

It’s important to note that a broker cannot allow a Retail client to purchase a product covered by PRIIPs unless the issuer of that product has prepared the required disclosure document for the broker to provide to the client. This disclosure document is referred to as a Key Information Document, or KID, and it contains information such as product description, cost, risk-reward profile and possible performance scenarios. U.S. clients are not impacted by PRIIPs, so the issuers of some of the more popular U.S. listed ETFs often elect not to create a KID. This means that EEA Retail client may not purchase the product.

CLIENT CATEGORISATION
IBKR categorises all individual clients as “Retail” by default as this affords clients the broadest level of protection afforded by MiFID. Client who are categorised as “Professional” do not receive the same level of protection as “Retail” but are not subject to the KIDs requirement. As defined under MiFID II rules, “Professional” clients include regulated entities, large clients and individuals who have asked to be re-categorised as “elective professional clients” and meet the MiFID II requirements based on their knowledge, experience and financial capability.

IB provides an online step-by-step process that allows “Retail” to request that their categorisation be changed to “Professional". The qualifications for re-categorisation along with the steps for requesting that one’s categorisation be considered are outlined in KB3298 or, to directly apply for a change in categorisation, the questionnaire, is available in the Client Portal/Account Management.
 

PRIIP Order Reject Translations

Clients entering opening orders for products covered by the PRIIPs Regulation where the issuer has not provided the required disclosure documents or Key Information Documents (KIDS) will have their order rejected and will receive the following reject message1:

 

English

This product is currently unavailable to clients classified as 'retail clients'.

Note:  Individual clients and entities that are not large institutions generally are classified as 'retail' clients.

There may be other products with similar economic characteristics that are available for you to trade.

 

French

Ce produit n’est pas actuellement disponible pour les clients considérés comme des clients “Particuliers/de détail”. Remarque : les clients particuliers et entreprises de détail qui ne sont pas de larges établissements sont classifiés comme des clients “de détail”. 

D’autres produits aux caractéristiques similaires peuvent exister mais ne vous sont pas proposés au trading.

 

German

Dieses Produkt ist derzeit für Kunden, die als „Retail-Kunden” eingestuft werden, nicht verfügbar. Hinweis: Einzelkunden und Körperschaften, bei denen es sich nicht um große Institutionen handelt, werden grundsätzlich als „Retail”-Kunden bezeichnet. 

Es ist möglich, dass Ihnen andere Produkte mit ähnlichen wirtschaftlichen Merkmalen zum Handel zur Verfügung stehen.

 

Italian

Questo prodotto al momento non è disponibile per i clienti “retail”. Nota: i clienti privati e le organizzazioni di non grandi dimensioni sono in genere classificati come clienti “retail”.

Potrebbero esserci altri prodotti con simili caratteristiche disponibili per le negoziazioni.

 

Spanish

Este producto no está actualmente disponible para clientes clasificados como “clientes minoristas”. Nota: los clientes individuales y las entidades que no sean grandes instituciones son clasificados, generalmente, como clientes “minoristas”.

Podría haber otros productos con características económicas similares que estén disponibles para que usted opere en ellos.

 

Russian

На данный момент этот продукт недоступен для розничных клиентов.    Примечание: Частные лица и юридические структуры, не являющиеся крупными предприятиями, как правило, относятся к числу розничных клиентов.

Вам могут быть доступны другие продукты с похожими экономическими характеристиками.

 

Japanese

こちらの商品は現在「リテール・クライアント」として分類されるお客様にはご利用いただけません。注意:大きな機関ではない個人のお客様および事業体のお客様は、通常「リテール」クライアントとして分類されます。

似た経済特性を持つその他の商品で、お客様にお取引いただくことのできる商品がある可能性があります。

 

Chinese Simplified

该产品目前不适用于"零售客户"。 请注意:个人用户和非大型机构实体通常均被划分为"零售"客户。

可能有其他具有类似经济特征的产品适用于您的交易。

 

Chinese Traditional

該產品目前不適用於"零售客戶"。請注意: 個人用戶和非大型機構實體通常均被劃分為"零售"客戶。

可能有其他具有類似經濟特徵的產品適用於您的交易。

 

1 Please note that in the near future, Interactive Brokers will allow eligible Retail clients to elect to be treated as Professional clients, which will allow them to trade certain products that are not available to Retail clients. 

Generally, the ability to elect to be treated as a Professional client will be limited to clients with over 500,000 EUR account value.

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How to update the US Social Security Number (SSN) or Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) on your account

Background: 

If you have been informed or believe that your account profile contains an incorrect US SSN/ITIN, you may simply log into your Account Management to update this information. Depending on your taxpayer status, you can update your US SSN/ITIN by modifying one of the following documents:

1) IRS Form W9 (if you are a US tax resident and/or US citizen holding a US SSN/ITIN)

2) IRS Form W-8BEN (if you are a Non-US tax resident holding a US SSN/ITIN)

Please note, if your SSN/ITIN has already been verified with the IRS you will be unable to update the information. If however the IRS has not yet verified the ID, you will have the ability to update through Account Management. 

 

How to Modify Your W9/W8

1) To submit this information change request, first login to Account Management

2) Click on the Settings section followed by Account Settings

 

3) Find the Profile(s) section. Locate the User you wish to update and click on the Info button (the "i" icon) to the left of the User's name

 

4) Scroll down to the bottom where you will see the words Tax Forms. Next to it will be a link with the current tax form we have for the account. Click on this tax form to open it

 

5) Review the form. If your US SSN/ITIN is incorrect, click on the UPDATE button at the bottom of the page

 

6) Make the requisite changes and click the CONTINUE button to submit your request.

 

7) If supporting documentation is required to approve your information change request, you will receive a message.  Otherwise, your information change request should be approved within 24-48 hours.

SEC Tick Size Pilot Program

Background

Effective October 3, 2016, securities exchanges registered with the SEC will operate a Tick Size Pilot Program ("Pilot") intended to determine what impact, if any, widening of the minimum price change (i.e., tick size) will have on the trading, liquidity, and market quality of small cap stocks.  The Pilot will last for 2 years and it will include approximately 1,200 securities having a market capitalization of $3 billion or less, average daily trading volume of 1 million shares or less, and a volume weighted average price of at least $2.00.

For purposes of the Pilot, these securities will be organized into groups that will determine a minimum tick size for both quote display and trading purposes. For example, Test Group 1 will consist of securities to be quoted in $0.05 increments and traded in $0.01 increments and Test Group 2 will include securities both quoted and traded in $0.05 increments.  Test Group 3 will include also include securities both quoted and traded in $0.05 increments, but subject to Trade-at rules (more fully explained in the Rule). In addition, there will be a Control Group of securities that will continue to be quoted and traded in increments of $0.01. Details as to the Pilot and securities groupings are available on the FINRA website.

 

Impact to IB Account Holders 

In order to comply with the SEC Rules associated with this Pilot, IB will change the way that it accepts orders in stocks included in the Pilot.  Specifically, starting October 3, 2016 and in accordance with the phase-in schedule, IB will reject the following orders associated with Pilot Securities assigned to Test Groups:

  • Limit orders having an explicit limit that is not entered in an increment of $0.05;
  • Stop or Stop Limit orders having an explicit limit that is not entered in an increment of $0.05; and
     
  • Orders having a price offset that is not entered in an increment of $0.05.  Note that this does not apply to offsets which are percentage based and which therefore allow IB to calculate the permissible nickel increment

 Clients submitting orders via the trading platform that are subject to rejection will receive the following pop-up message:

 

 The following order types will continue to be accepted for Pilot Program Securities:

  • Market orders;
  • Benchmark orders having no impermissible offsets (e.g., VWAP, TVWAP);
  • Pegged orders having no impermissible offsets ;
  • Retail Price Improvement Orders routed to the NASDAQ-BX and NYSE as follows:
    - Test Group 1 in .001

      - Test Group 2 and 3 in .005

     
 

Other Items of Note

  • GTC limit and stop orders entered prior to the start of the Pilot will be adjusted as allowed (e.g., a buy limit order at $5.01 will be adjusted to $5.00 and a sell limit at $5.01 adjusted to $5.05).
  • Clients generating orders via third-party software (e.g., signal provider), order management system, computer to computer interfaces (CTCI) or through the API, should contact their vendor or review their systems to ensure that all systems recognize the Pilot restrictions.
  • Incoming orders to IB that are marked with TSP exception codes from other Broker Dealers will not be acted upon by IB. For example, IB will not accept incoming orders marked with the Retail Investor Order or Trade-At ISO exception codes.
  • The SEC order associated with this Pilot is available via the following link: https://www.sec.gov/rules/sro/nms/2015/34-74892-exa.pdf
  • For a list of Pilot Program related FAQs, please see KB2750

 

Please note that the contents of this article are subject to revision as further regulatory guidance or changes to the Pilot Program are issued.

 

 

SEC Tick Size Pilot Program FAQs

Tick Size Pilot ("TSP" or "Pilot") Program:

Under the TSP Program,  if IB receives any order in a Pilot Security that does not conform to the designated pricing increment (e.g., a limit price in a $0.01 increment for a security designated as trading $0.05 increments), IB will REJECT that order, subject to limited exceptions. IB strongly encourages a thorough review of your software or your vendor’s software to understand the criteria for what causes an order in a Pilot Security to be rejected to permit you or your vendor to make changes to correctly handle orders in Test Group Pilot Securities.
 

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS:

Q: What is the Tick Size Pilot?
A: On May 6, 2015 the SEC approved an amended TSP NMS Plan. The Pilot will be two years in length. Data collection for the Pilot began on April 4, 2016, 6 months prior to the implementation of the trading and quoting rules for the Pilot. Implementation of the trading and quoting rules for the Pilot will begin on October 3, 2016.

The Pilot will be conducted using a Control Group and three Test Groups where variations in quoting and trading rules exist between each group. Please see the TSP NMS Plan for additional information.

 

Q: Will the Pilot quoting and trading rules apply during regular market hours, pre-market hours and post market hours?
A: The Pilot rules apply during all operational hours (pre-market, regular hours, and post market hours trading).

 

Q: Will the Pilot quoting and trading rules apply to odd-lot and mixed-lot sizes?
A: Yes, the Pilot rules to all order sizes.

 

Q: Will orders in Control Group Securities be accepted in price increments of less than $0.05?
A: Yes, orders submitted in price increments of less than $0.05 will continue to be accepted in Control Group securities.

 

Q: Will orders in a Test Group 1, 2 or 3 Pilot Securities be accepted in price increments of less than $0.05?
A: No, unless covered by an exception, orders submitted in price increments of less than $0.05 will be rejected.

 

Q: Which Pilot Security Orders in Test Groups will Interactive Brokers accept at other than $0.05 increments?
        Midpoint orders with no explicitly stated limit price or impermissible offsets will be accepted
        VWAP orders which do not have an explicitly stated limit price or impermissible offsets will be accepted.
        Interactive Brokers will accept Exchange operated Retail Price Improvement orders as follows:
                  Test Group 1 in $0.001 price increments
                  Test Groups 2 and 3 in $0.005 price increments.

 

Q: Will there be any changes to the Opening / Closing processes on Exchanges?
A: Please refer to each of the exchange rules for details but in general there will be no changes to the Opening / Closing process. All orders entered and eligible to participate in Exchange Opening / Closing Cross will be accepted in increments of $0.05. The Exchanges will begin publishing all quotes in increments of $0.05; however, Net Order Imbalance Indicator prices may be published in increments of $0.025.

 

Q: What will happen to my GTC order that was placed prior to October 3rd in a Pilot Stock that was priced in impermissible tick increments?
A: Interactive Brokers will adjust outstanding limit and stop GTC orders in Pilot stocks in Test Groups that are not in permissible tick increments (e.g., a buy limit order at $5.01 will be adjusted to $5.00 and a sell limit at $5.01 adjusted to $5.05).

 

Q: What will happen to my GTC order placed after October 3rd that was placed and accepted in a nickel tick increment but the Pilot Stock moves from a Test Group to the Control Group which permits non-nickel increments?
A: The GTC order will automatically be able to be revised by the user in non-nickel increments on the date the Pilot stock moves from the Test Group to the Control Group. Similarly, if a stock gets added to Test Group due to a corporate action, IB will cancel the GTC order if it is priced in impermissible increments.

 

Q: Where can I find out more information?

A: See KB2752 or the FINRA website for additional details regarding the Pilot Program: http://www.finra.org/industry/tick-size-pilot-program

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