外匯（FX）入門

Overview:

IB提供的交易場所和交易平臺既適用於專注外匯交易的交易者也適用於因多幣種股票和/或衍生品交易需要偶爾進行外匯交易的交易者。下方文章概述了在TWS平臺上下達外匯定單的基本要點以及報價管理和頭寸報告相關信息。

Background:

外匯報價

EUR.USD

• EUR為基礎貨幣
• USD為報價貨幣

EUR.USD的單表示買入EUR並賣出同等金額的USD，具體取決於交易價格。

創建報價行

3.  選擇結算貨幣（如USD），然後選擇外匯交易場所。

IDEALFX對於超過其最低數量要求（通常為25,000美元）的定單可直接接入銀行間外匯報價。傳遞到IDEALFX但未達到其最低數量要求的定單基本會被自動傳遞到小額定單交易場所進行外匯轉換。點擊此處瞭解IDEALFX的最低數量要求和最高數量限制相關信息。

下單

1.  要輸入定單，左鍵點擊買價（下賣單）或賣價（下買單).

2.  指定想要買入或賣出的交易貨幣的數量。定單的數量基礎貨幣（即貨幣對中的前一種貨幣）顯示。

3.  指定想使用的定單類型、匯率（價格），然後傳遞定單。

點值

(名義金額) x (1個點)

• 代碼 = EUR.USD
• 金額 = 100,000 EUR
• 1個點 = 0.0001

1個點點值 = 100’000 x 0.0001= 10 USD

• 代碼 = USD.JPY
• 金額 = 100’000 USD
• 1個點 = 0.01

1個點點值 = 100’000 x (0.01)= JPY 1000

(名義金額) x (1個點/匯率)

• 代碼 = EUR.USD
• 金額 = 100’000 EUR
• 1個點 = 0.0001
• 匯率 = 1.3884

1個點點值 = 100’000 x (0.0001/1.3884)= 7.20 EUR

• 代碼 = USD.JPY
• 金額 = 100’000 USD
• 1個點 = 0.01
• 匯率 = 101.63

1個點點值 = 100’000 x (0.01/101.63)= 9.84 USD

其它常見問題：

How to update the US Social Security Number (SSN) or Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) on your account

Background:

If you have been informed or believe that your account profile contains an incorrect US SSN/ITIN, you may simply log into your Account Management to update this information. Depending on your taxpayer status, you can update your US SSN/ITIN by modifying one of the following documents:

1) IRS Form W9 (if you are a US tax resident and/or US citizen holding a US SSN/ITIN)

2) IRS Form W-8BEN (if you are a Non-US tax resident holding a US SSN/ITIN)

Please note, if your SSN/ITIN has already been verified with the IRS you will be unable to update the information. If however the IRS has not yet verified the ID, you will have the ability to update through Account Management.

1) To submit this information change request, first login to Account Management

2) Click on the Settings section followed by Account Settings

3) Find the Profile(s) section. Locate the User you wish to update and click on the Info button (the "i" icon) to the left of the User's name

4) Scroll down to the bottom where you will see the words Tax Forms. Next to it will be a link with the current tax form we have for the account. Click on this tax form to open it

5) Review the form. If your US SSN/ITIN is incorrect, click on the UPDATE button at the bottom of the page

6) Make the requisite changes and click the CONTINUE button to submit your request.

7) If supporting documentation is required to approve your information change request, you will receive a message.  Otherwise, your information change request should be approved within 24-48 hours.

IRA: Required Minimum Distributions

Generally, regulations require traditional and rollover IRA owners to withdraw funds beginning at age 70 1/2, and every year thereafter.  Determining your Required Minimum Distribution (RMD) is significant while retaining an IRA, considering both your life expectancy and the IRA's fair market value.

The required amount for each eligible person is based on the December 31 IRA account value of the previous year and the IRA owners date of birth.  Your spouse's date of birth may also be a factor if your spouse is at least 10 years younger than you.  Interactive Brokers LLC provides several information resources to understand and calculate your RMD, including access one an on-line RMD Calculator.

Custodian's Role

Beginning RMD Distributions

Custodian's Role

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The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) requires the plan custodian, IB, to notify IRA owners about the RMD requirements by January 31 each year.  If you turn 70 1/2 this year, you are required to begin taking RMDs before April 1 of the following year.

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Beginning RMD Distributions

Eligible IRA owners must begin receiving withdrawals by December 31 of the year they reach age 70 1/2.  The first RMD withdrawal, however, may be delayed until April 1 of the following year.

If you elect to delay the withdrawal, then please observe the following considerations:   (1) Two RMD withdrawals will be required the following year, the undistributed initial RMD and the new RMD.  (2) The new RMD will be slightly larger due to the December 31 market value's inclusion of the undistributed initial RMD.

Subsequent RMD withdrawals from your IRA must be distributed by December 31 to avoid a penalty tax.

Note:  Roth IRAs are exempt from the RMD rules during the IRA owner's lifetime.

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Log in to your Interactive Brokers account through Account Management to request an IRA withdrawal of funds.

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The RMD is determined by dividing your account's prior year December 31 value by your life expectancy factor as taken from the IRS life expectancy tables.   This RMD must be calculated for each of your IRA accounts.  Worksheets for calculating one's RMD are available on the IRS website

The IRA Required Minimum Distribution Worksheetsassist with the calculation of your RMD.  See the Life Expectancy Tables in IRS Publication 590 for additional resources.  Your IRA beneficiary election may play an important role in determining your RMD, as well.

Note: If you have multiple IRAs, then you may combine the total year end values and take the distribution from one, each, or any combination of your IRAs.

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Disclaimer:  IB does not provide tax advice. These statements are provided for information purposes only, are not intended to constitute tax advice which may be relied upon to avoid penalties under any international, federal, state, local or other tax statutes or regulations, and do not resolve any tax issues in your favor. We recommend that you consult a qualified tax adviser or refer to the U.S. Internal Revenue Service.

IRA: Retirement Account Resource Center

IMPORTANT NOTE: This article has been customized for use by self-directed Individual Retirement Account (IRA) owners for information purposes only.  Persons are encouraged to consult a qualified tax professional with the investments and elections within the IRA.   IB does not provide tax advice.  For detailed information regarding IRAs, you may consult the IRS Publication 590-A about IRA contributions and the IRS Publication 590-B about IRA distributions.

This resource center provides a central reference point for information concerning the various IRA account types offered by IB.

Important Notice - Select IRA Tax Reporting for key information with transaction and tax reporting in your IRA.

Account Management IRA Reference

Account Management IRA Tab

Beneficiary Options

Charitable Distributions

Conversions to a Roth IRA

Direct Rollovers - How & When

Recharacterizations from a Roth IRA

Required Minimum Distributions

Rollover Rules & Conditions

Understanding Tax Forms

IRS Circular 230 Notice: These statements are provided for information purposes only, are not intended to constitute tax advice which may be relied upon to avoid penalties under any federal, state, local or other tax statutes or regulations, and do not resolve any tax issues in your favor.

IRA: Rollover Rules & Conditions

This information is for general educational purposes only.  Individuals should consult with their financial adviser or legal counsel to determine how rollover regulations affect their unique situations.

Generally, an IRA rollover is a tax-free distribution to you of cash or other assets from one retirement plan that you contribute to another retirement plan.  The contribution to the second retirement plan is called a rollover contribution.

This article outlines the types of IRA rollover transactions, rules and conditions, IB's Rollover Certification form, and rollover transaction details.  Select from list below for details:

Rules & Conditions

Rollover Certification

Ineligible Transactions

Rules & Conditions

Prior to completing an IRA Rollover transaction, we recommend that you review the rules and conditions surrounding eligibility.  Interactive Brokers can accept as a tax-free transaction an eligible rollover distribution as defined under the Internal Revenue Code.  Included in this article is information about eligible transactions, as well as the Interactive Brokers  IRA Rollover Certification form.

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IRA Rollover Certification

Before accepting an IRA rollover transaction into an Interactive Brokers LLC IRA, we require that you review your eligibility for the rollover and certify your understanding of the rollover rules and conditions.  The IRA Rollover Form includes the IRA Rollover Certification

The Fund Transfers page within the Account Management lets you notify IB of an IRA Rollover deposit of funds into your account.  Select the Funding tab in the header link and choose Deposit Funds in the Transaction list.   In the Method list, select Direct Rollover.  Complete, sign, and return both forms to the Interactive Brokers address listed on the form.

Rollover Transactions

Two types of IRA rollover transactions exist with different guidelines and delivery methods:

1. Direct Rollover - a transfer of assets from an employer-sponsored retirement plan directly to an eligible IRA.  If you choose to receive the distribution first, then you may roll over the funds to the IRA within 60 days.
2. Indirect Rollover - a distribution from an IRA paid to you, followed by a rollover into another IRA within 60 days.  The IRS allows an indirect rollover of each IRA's funds once during a twelve-month period.

(Note:  A distributions directly from one IRA trustee to another IRA trustee is a Trustee-to-Trustee transfer.  It is not affected by the twelve-month waiting period.)

For additional information about rollovers, visit Understanding Rollovers.  See also IRS Publication 590-A, Contributions to Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs) for more specific guidelines on moving retirement plan assets.

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Eligible Rollover Transactions

Almost any distribution from a qualified plan can be rolled over to an IRA.  Your retirement account may be eligible for one of the following eligible rollover transactions.

• Funds or property deposited less than 60 days of receipt by the IRA owner from the previous IRA
• During the preceding 12 months, no other distributions from the distributing IRA were rolled over
• The assets involved in the transaction have not been rolled over in the past 12 months
• Required Minimum Distribution satisfied (if over 70 1/2)
• For SIMPLE IRAs, after two years from the first contribution

Roth IRA to Roth IRA Rollover

• Funds or property deposited less than 60 days of receipt by the IRA owner from the previous IRA
• During the preceding 12 months, no other distributions from the distributing IRA were rolled over
• The assets involved in the transaction have not been rolled over in the past 12 months

Rollover or Direct Rollover from Qualified Plan into a Traditional IRA

• Eligible participant (participant, spouse beneficiary, or former spouse due to divorce)
• Funds or property deposited less than 60 days of receipt by the participant from the previous plan
• Funds received from an eligible qualified retirement plan
• Required Minimum Distribution satisfied (if over 70 1/2)
• Consists of funds, property, or proceeds from the sale of property distributed from the qualified plan
• All of the funds are eligible to be rolled over

Roth IRA to Roth IRA Rollover

• Funds or property deposited less than 60 days of receipt by the IRA owner from the previous IRA
• Required Minimum Distribution satisfied (if over 70 1/2)

Ineligible Rollover Transactions

Some funds distributed from a retirement plan are not eligible for rollover into an IRA.  The following transactions are not eligible rollover transactions.

• Any portion of a distribution from a retirement plan not rolled over
• Required Minimum Distributions
• Distribution of excess contributions and related earnings
• Retirement plan loan treated as a distribution
• Hardship distributions
• Distributions part of substantially equal payments (72-t)
• Dividends on employer securities
• Non-spousal death benefit distributions
• The cost of life insurance coverage

Disclaimer:  IB does not provide tax advice. These statements are provided for information purposes only, are not intended to constitute tax advice which may be relied upon to avoid penalties under any international, federal, state, local or other tax statutes or regulations, and do not resolve any tax issues in your favor. We recommend that you consult a qualified tax adviser or refer to the U.S. Internal Revenue Service.

IRA: Charitable Donations from IRAs

Overview:

The Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes Acts of 2015 (PATH) was approved by Congress December 16, 2015 made Qualified Charitable Distributions (QCD) a permanent option to fulfill Required Minimum Distribution requirements.

[Note: We recommend that you consult a qualified tax advisor or refer to the U.S. Internal Revenue Service before proceeding with a distribution.]

IRA owners 70½ or older may request an IRA distribution direct to a “qualified charity,”  by as much as \$100,000 of IRA assets per year.  The following FAQs provide basic answers.

Charitable Distributions

What is a Qualified Charitable Distribution (QCD)?

What is a "qualified charity?"

Where can an IRA owner find additional information on QCDs?

Withdrawal Processing

When can I submit my withdrawal?

Can IB customers submit a QCD withdrawal online?

What amount may be withdrawn? Why?

Where are the funds disbursed?

Does the distribution count towards the Required Minimum Distribution (RMD) amount?

Eligible IRA Accounts

Are the QCDs allowed from other IRA and retirement plans not held at IB?

QCD Tax Reporting

How is the QCD reported to the IRS?

Can any taxes be withheld from the distribution?

Do federal taxes have to be paid on the distribution?

Does a state or municipal tax have to be paid on the distribution?

Charitable Distributions

What is a Qualified Charitable Distribution (QCD)?
A distribution from an eligible IRA to an eligible charitable organization from an individual 70 ½ or older.

How to determine if a charity can receive the QCD?
The IRS Exempt Organizations Select Check allows users to "Search for Charities" among a list of organizations eligible to receive tax-deductible charitable contributions.

Where can an IRA owner find additional information on QCDs? Visit Charitable Donations for IRAs for additional information on qualified charitable distributions. See also IRS Publication 590-b.

Withdrawal Processing

When can I submit my withdrawal?
The deadline to submit QCD withdrawals from your IB account is December 22, 2017.  Although you can take a 2017 IRA distribution anytime before the year's withdrawal cut-off date,  you must allow enough time for trade settlement and withdrawal processing.

As third-party withdrawals are subject to special handling and the review period varies depending on the nature of the withdrawal request, please allow sufficient time for processing.

Can IB customers submit a QCD withdrawal online?
Yes.  Requests are processed manually with your completion of a paper distribution form.  Print the IRA Charitable Distribution Form and upload the form to the Account Management Menu's secure Message Center for processing.

For security purposes, the withdrawal request should be initiated by the IRA owner through the secure Message Center located within the Account Management menu.   Click the header Support and Message Center to access the Message Center.

You may submit and track the request directly with Client Services using an inquiry ticket.

What amount may be withdrawn? Why?
IB will process the withdrawal for any amount, as long as the account has sufficient available funds. Why? Although the QCD donations to the charity must not exceed \$100,000 per year to retain QCD status, charitable gifts may exceed this limit.

Where are the funds disbursed?a
Funds are made payable to the IRS qualified charity and mailed direct to the charity. Only funds disbursed to the charity can be designated from your IRA as a QCD.

Eligible IRA Accounts

Is the Charitable Distribution allowed from all IRAs held at IB?
No, see the list below.  IRA owners should contact a qualified tax advisor about how to preserve QCD tax benefits. Not all distributions are created equal. A tax advisor will be able to assess an IRA owner’s best choice.

Rollover IRA > YES
Roth IRA > YES
Inherited IRA > YES, if the beneficiary is at least age 70 1/2
SEP IRA > NO
Education IRA > NO

Are the Charitable Distributions allowed from other IRA and retirement plans not held at IB?
No, not directly.  Retirement plans, employer sponsored SEP IRAs, and Simple IRAs (account classifications not held at IB) are not eligible for a QCD election. IRA owners may be eligible to rollover assets from these plans into a traditional, rollover, or Roth IRA to request a charitable distribution.  IRA owners should contact a qualified tax advisor or their retirement plan administrator.

QCD Tax Reporting

How is the QCD reported to the IRS?
IB will report the charitable distributions on Form 1099-R when issued. See Reports and Dates for 1099 availability dates.

Do federal taxes have to be paid on the distribution?
Generally, federal taxes are not paid with QCDs. But distributions in excess of the IRS limit may be subject to income tax.  IB recommends that customers contact a qualified tax advisor.

Does a state or municipal tax have to be paid on the distribution?
Contact your tax advisor or local tax authority on state and municipal requirements for the distributed amount.

Disclaimer:  IB does not provide tax advice. These statements are provided for information purposes only, are not intended to constitute tax advice which may be relied upon to avoid penalties under any international, federal, state, local or other tax statutes or regulations, and do not resolve any tax issues in your favor. We recommend that you consult a qualified tax advisor or refer to the U.S. Internal Revenue Service.

ACATS Transfer Guide

Introduction

ACATS Transfer Benefits

Navigating The Process

Incoming Or Outgoing

What To Expect

Who To Contact For Help

Introduction

Understanding the basic facts about transferring accounts between US brokerage firms can be help to avoid delays.  Through this article and other Knowledge Database resources, Interactive Brokers seeks to assist with your incoming and outgoing ACATS requests.

US brokerage firms utilize a standardized system to transfer customer accounts from one firm to another.  Known as the Automated Customer Account Transfer Service or ACATS, the process allows assets to move seamlessly between  brokerage firms in a unified time frame.   ACATS transfers are facilitated by a third party, the National Securities Clearing Corporation (NSCC), to assist participating members with timely asset transfers.

ACATS Transfer Benefits

The majority of assets may be transferred between US brokerage firms and some banks through ACATS.  This standardized system includes stocks, US corporate bonds, listed options, unit investment trusts, mutual funds, and cash.  Information on assets eligible for transfer is provided at "Assets Eligible..."  Though impacted by multiple factors and time constraints, the accepted or rejected transfers finalize within 10 business days in most cases.

Navigating The Process

4 simple steps of the ACATS process will help you understand the flow and minimize delays.  Familiarizing yourself with the transfer process helps to ensure a successful transition.

1.  Incoming or Outgoing

3.  What to Expect

4.  Who to Contact For Help

1. Incoming or Outgoing

Incoming ACATS Transfers

The financial institution that is receiving your assets and account transfer is known as the "receiving firm."  Investors always work with and through the "receiving firm" to move full or partial account assets into a new broker.

Contact the "receiving firm" (Interactive Brokers) to review the firm's trading policies and requirements.  You should verify that your assets are eligible for trading at the "receiving firm" before initiating the transfer request.   Not all ACATS transferable assets are acceptable for trading at every brokerage firm.

Outgoing ACATS Transfers

All outgoing ACATS transfers, full or partial, must be approved by the "delivering firm."  Investors, however, should work with and through the "receiving firm" in order to begin the the transfer process or to status the progress of the request.

Investors must always begin the ACATS transfer with the "receiving firm."  An ACATS transfer form or Transfer Initiation Form (TIF) must be submitted.  The "receiving firm" takes your reqeust and communicates with the "delivering firm" via ACATS.  The process begins with this request for transfer of the account.

For your Interactive Brokers Account, the transfer is usually submitted online.  Video instruction on submitting the transfer is provided at "How to deposit funds via a full ACATS/ATON Transfer."  or through Step-by-step instructions.

Note: Outgoing account transfers from your IB account should be directed to the other broker.  Your request will be submitted to IB from the other broker through the ACATS electronically.

3. What to Expect

Brokers ensure the safety and security of transfer requests by only authorizing requests between open accounts that meet the following criteria:

• Same Account Title
• Same Tax ID Number
• Same Account Type

Transfer Approval

Ultimately responsible for validating the transfer,  the "delivering firm" may accept  information from the "receiving firm" correcting data originally entered.  Approved or validated requests result in the delivery of positions to the "receiving firm" for their acceptance.   Assets may not be accepted by the "receiving firm" for the following:

• Non-marginable or Margin (credit) violation
• DTC Chill

Note: The most common reasons for ACATS rejections are outlined by clicking here.

Processing Time-frame

The processing time for each transfer request is fixed.  In general, approved transfers complete within 4 to 8 business days.  Almost all transfers complete within 10 business days.  Each firm is required to perform certain steps at specific intervals in the process.  Feel free to review the Full ACATS transfer process flow.

Fees

While Interactive Brokers does not charge a fee to transfer your account via ACATS, some brokers do apply a fee for full and partial transfers. Prior to initiating your transfer, you should contact the "delivering firm" to verify any charge.

4.  Who To Contact For Help

Interactive Brokers Customer Service stands poised to assist with your incoming ACATS transfer reqeust.  Click here for Customer Service contact resources.

Note:  Outgoing or ACATS transfers sending accounts to another broker should be directed to the "receiving firm."  Their Account Transfer Group will work with Interactive Brokers directly to complete your outgoing request.

Year End Statement & Report Comparison

Overview:

The Interactive Brokers Year End Reports provide an activity review for US persons and US entities.  The various account statements provide the transaction details as the basis for each report.   Each of the standard reports spans the time period from January 1 through December 31.

Some reports, such as the Gain/Loss Summary Worksheet, may consolidate transactions and calculations.  For the sake of conserving volume, trade activity may be combined.  The account statements include all activity.  For your convenience and to assist with your reconcilation, customized statements permit activity displays suitable for your personal needs (see the tab "Customized Templates" for details).

All US tax reports include the total figures as required under the US tax laws.

Non-US Persons and Entities

Income paid from US sources to non-US  persons and entities may find this comparison helpful.  IB is required to withhold US taxes at a rate of 30% on payments of US source stock dividends and substitute payments in lieu. Both the withholding and the income is reported on the US tax Form 1042-S.

For additional information about how IB handles non-US persons and entities, select this Tax Information and Reporting link  and choose the tab Non-US Persons and Entities.

Year End Reports (For Trading) Comparison shown below identifies the most common transaction types which appear on the year end reports.  Not all activity is included on each report.

Comparison of trades shown on the year end reports
 Year End Reports Stock Bond Equity & Index Option Single Stock Futures Futures Forex Form 1099 Sell Sell - - Gain/Loss - Form 1042-S - - - - - - Annual Statement Buy/Sell Gain/Loss Buy/Sell Gain/Loss Buy/Sell Gain/Loss Buy/Sell Gain/Loss Buy/Sell Gain/Loss Buy/Sell Gain/Loss Gain/Loss  Worksheet Cost/Sell Gain/Loss Cost/Sell Gain/Loss Cost/Sell1 Gain/Loss1 Cost/Sell Gain/Loss - - 1256 Worksheet - - Gain/Loss5 - Gain/Loss -

NOTES:  (1) Only cash settled; (2) Gain/Loss Worksheet was first published by IB with tax year 2007.  Worksheets for prior years are not available.  IB did provide gain and loss data on the Annual Statements; (3) The 1256 Worksheet was first published by IB with tax year 2008; (4)  Option transactions are not 1099 or 1042-S reportable transactions.  In accordance with the IRS guidelines, IB excludes the activity from the tax reports; (5)  Only broad-sed index options appear on the 1256 Worksheet

Year End Reports (For Income) Comparison shown below identifies the most common types of income which appear on the year end reports.  Not all income is reportable on a 1099 or Dividend Summary.

Comparison of income shown on the year end reports
 Year End Reports Dividends Credit Interest Debit Interest Accruals Pay In Lieu Credit Pay In Lieu Debits Fees Form 1099 Yes Yes No No Yes No No Form 1042-S Yes Yes No No Yes No No Annual Statement Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Dividend Summary Yes No No No Yes Yes No Gain/Loss Worksheet No No No No No No No 1256 Worksheet No No No No No No No

NOTES:   (1) US Tax Form 1042-S is provided to non-US persons/entities, along with the Dividend Summary.  The Tax Form reports interest, dividends, substitute payments in lieu, and US tax withholding from US securities; (2) For US persons/entities, the Dividend Summary may list dividends as potentially eligible for treatment as “Qualified” based on the holding period.  IB does not report this on the 1099-DIV or to the Internal Revenue Service; (3) Debit transactions are not 1099 or 1042-S reportable transactions.  In accordance with the IRS guidelines, IB excludes the activity from the tax reports; (4) Exchange, market data, and activity fees

Tax Reporting: When to expect Forms 1099-R and 5498

Forms 1099-R and 5498 are available by January 31 and May 31, respectively.

IRS Circular 230 Notice: The information contained in this FAQ is provided for information purposes only, is not intended to constitute tax advice which may be relied upon to avoid penalties under any federal, state, local or other tax statutes or regulations and does not resolve any tax issues in your favor. Refer to IRS Publication 590, Individual Retirement Accounts for additional information on IRAs in general and consult your tax advisor about your individual tax situation.

Can I contribute to an IRA if I already have a retirement plan through my employer?

Yes. You can contribute to a Roth IRA or Traditional IRA regardless of whether or not you have an employer-sponsored plan. While participation in a retirement plan does not change how much you can contribute to an IRA, it can affect whether or not you are eligible to deduct your Traditional IRA contributions on your tax return.

IRS Circular 230 Notice: The information contained in this FAQ is provided for information purposes only, is not intended to constitute tax advice which may be relied upon to avoid penalties under any federal, state, local or other tax statutes or regulations and does not resolve any tax issues in your favor. Refer to IRS Publication 590, Individual Retirement Accounts for additional information on IRAs in general and consult your tax advisor about your individual tax situation.