IBKR Metals CFDs – Facts and Q&A

Overview: 

The following article is intended to provide a general introduction to London Gold and Silver Contracts for Differences (CFDs) issued by IBKR.

Please follow these links for information on IBKR Share CFDs, Index CFDs and Forex CFDs.

Risk Warning
CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage.

59.5% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with IBKR.

You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the
high risk of losing your money.

 

ESMA Rules for CFDs (Retail Clients only)
The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has enacted new CFD rules effective 1st August
2018.

The rules include: 1) leverage limits on the opening of a CFD position; 2) a margin close out rule on a per
account basis; and 3) negative balance protection on a per account basis.

The ESMA Decision is only applicable to retail clients. Professional clients are unaffected.
Please refer to the following articles for more detail:

ESMA CFD Rules Implementation at IBKR (UK) and IBKR LLC

ESMA CFD Rules Implementation at IBIE, IBCE and IBLUX

Introduction
A London Gold CFD enables you to have exposure to price movements of physical Gold without actually owning it. A London Gold CFD is an agreement between you and IBKR to exchange the difference in price of the underlying over a period of time. The difference to be exchanged is determined by the change in the reference price of the underlying. Thus, if the price of physical Gold traded on the London bullion market rises and you are long the CFD, you receive cash from IBKR and vice versa. A London Gold CFD can be bought long or sold short to suit your view of market direction in the future.

Contract Specifications

Contract IBKR Symbol Per Trade Fee Minimum per Order Multiplier
London Gold XAUUSD 0.0015% USD 2.00 1
London Silver XAGUSD 0.0015% USD 2.00 1

Price Determination
The IBKR London Gold and Silver CFDs reference physical Gold and Silver traded on the London bullion market. The London bullion market is a wholesale over-the-counter market for the trading of precious metals. Trading is conducted among members of the London Bullion Market Association (LBMA). Most of the members are major international banks.

IBKR receives quote streams from approximately 10 such major banks, in much the same way it does for cash forex. IBKR Smart routes between the banks, and the best available price at any given time becomes the reference price for the CFDs. IBKR does not add a spread to the banks’ quotes.

Low Commissions and Financing Rates: Unlike other CFD providers IBKR charges a transparent
commission, rather than widening the spread. Commission rates are only 0.0015%. Overnight financing rates are just benchmark +/- 1.5% (an additional 1% surcharge is added for retail accounts).

Transparent Quotes: Because IBKR does not widen the spread, the Metals CFD quotes accurately
represent the spreads and price movements of the related cash metal, as described above.

Margin Efficiency: IBKR establishes house-margin requirements based on historic volatility of the
underlying and other factors. Retail clients are subject to regulatory minimum initial margins of 5% for
London Gold or 10% for London Silver. 

Trading Permissions: Same as for Share and Index CFDs.

Market Data Permissions: Metals CFD market data is free, but a permission is required for system
reasons.

Worked Trade Example (Professional Clients):

You purchase 100 XAUUSD CFDs at $1,942.5 for USD 194,250 which you then hold for 5 days.

Closing the Position

CFD Resources
Below are some useful links with more detailed information on IB’s CFD offering:

CFD Product Listings

CFD Commissions

CFD Financing Rates

CFD Margin Requirements

CFD Contract Specifications

Frequently asked Questions

Are short Metals CFDs subject to forced buy-in?
No.

Can I take delivery of the underlying metal?

No, IBKR does not support physical delivery for Metals CFDs.

Are there any market data requirements?
The market data for Metal CFDs is free, and is included the market data for Index CFDs. However, you need to subscribe to the permission for system reasons. To do this, log into Account Management, and click through the following tabs: Settings/User Settings/Trading Platform/Market Data Subscriptions. Alternatively you can set up an Index or Metals CFD in your TWS quote monitor and click the “Market Data Subscription Manager” button that appears on the quote line.

How are my CFD trades and positions reflected in my statements?
If you are a client of IBKR (U.K.) or IBKR LLC, your CFD positions are held in a separate account segment identified by your primary account number with the suffix “F”. You can choose to view Activity Statements for the F-segment either separately or consolidated with your main account. You can make the choice in the statement window in Account Management.

If you are a client of other IBKR entities, there is no separate segment. You can view your positions normally alongside your non-CFD positions.

In what type of IB accounts can I trade CFDs e.g., Individual, Friends and Family,
Institutional, etc.?

All margin and cash accounts are eligible for CFD trading. 

Can I trade CFDs over the phone?
No. In exceptional cases we may agree to process closing orders over the phone, but never opening
orders.

Can anyone trade IB CFDs?
All clients can trade IB CFDs, except residents of the USA, Canada, Hong Kong, New Zealand and
Israel. There are no exemptions based on investor type to the residency-based exclusions.

外汇(FX)入门

Overview: 

IB提供的交易场所和交易平台既适用于专注外汇交易的交易者也适用于因多币种股票和/或衍生品交易需要偶尔进行外汇交易的交易者。下方文章概述了在TWS平台上下达外汇定单的基本要点以及报价管理和头寸报告相关信息。

Background: 

外汇(FX)交易涉及同时买入一种货币并卖出另一种货币,两种货币组合在一起通常被称为交叉货币对。在下方例子中,EUR.USD交叉货币对中的前一种货币(EUR)为交易者想买入或卖出的交易货币,后一种货币(USD)则为结算货币

 

跳转至指定主题;

 

外汇报价

货币对即外汇市场上一种货币单位相对于另一种货币单位的相对价值的报价。用以作为参考的货币被称为报价货币,而参考该货币给出报价的货币则被称为基础货币。在TWS中,每个货币对有一个交易代码。您可以使用外汇交易者(FXTrader)调换报价方向。交易者买入或卖出基础货币的同时在卖出或买入报价货币。例如,EUR/USD货币对的代码为:

EUR.USD

其中:

  • EUR为基础货币
  • USD为报价货币

上方货币对的价格表示需要多少单位的USD(报价货币)能交易一个单位的EUR(基础货币)。也就是说,1 EUR是在按USD报价。

EUR.USD的单表示买入EUR并卖出同等金额的USD,具体取决于交易价格。

 

创建报价行

 
在TWS添加外汇报价行具体步骤如下:
1.  输入交易货币(如EUR),然后按回车键(enter)。
2.  选择产品类型——外汇   

3.  选择结算货币(如USD),然后选择外汇交易场所。

 

 

注:

IDEALFX对于超过其最低数量要求(通常为25,000美元)的定单可直接接入银行间外汇报价。传递到IDEALFX但未达到其最低数量要求的定单基本会被自动传递到小额定单交易场所进行外汇转换。点击此处了解IDEALFX的最低数量要求和最高数量限制相关信息。 

外汇交易商会按特定方向对外汇货币对进行报价。因此,交易者需通过调整输入的货币代码来查找想要的货币对。例如,如果输入货币代码CAD,交易者会发现合约选择窗口中没有结算货币USD。这是因为,该货币对是按USD.CAD报价的,只能先输入底层代码USD,然后再选择货币对。


 返回顶部

 

下单

 

具体取决于显示的栏标头,货币对将显示如下:
合约(Contract)描述(Description)栏将按交易货币.结算货币的形式显示货币对(如EUR.USD)。底层代码(Underlying)栏则只显示交易货币。

点击此处了解如何更改更改显示的数据栏标头。


 

1.  要输入定单,左键点击买价(下卖单)或卖价(下买单).

2.  指定想要买入或卖出的交易货币的数量。定单的数量基础货币(即货币对中的前一种货币)显示。

盈透证券在外汇交易上没有代表固定金额基础货币的合约的概念,您的交易尺寸便是所需交易的基础货币金额。

例如,100,000单位EUR.USD的买单会买入100,000单位EUR,并根据显示的汇率卖出等值USD。

3.  指定想使用的定单类型、汇率(价格),然后传递定单。

注:下达的定单必须是完整的货币单位,除上述交易场所最低数量要求外,没有最低合约或手数要求。

常见问题:如何使用外汇交易者(FX Trader)下单?

返回顶部 

 

点值

点(pip)是货币对变化的衡量单位,对于大多数货币对来说其代表最小变化,但有时也允许存在非整点的变化。

例如,在EUR.USD中,1个点是0.0001,而在USD.JPY中,1个点事0.01。

要计算报价货币1个点的点值,可采用以下公式:

(名义金额) x (1个点)

例如:

  • 代码 = EUR.USD
  • 金额 = 100,000 EUR
  • 1个点 = 0.0001

1个点点值 = 100’000 x 0.0001= 10 USD

  • 代码 = USD.JPY
  • 金额 = 100’000 USD
  • 1个点 = 0.01

1个点点值 = 100’000 x (0.01)= JPY 1000

要计算基础货币1个点的点值,可采用以下公式:

(名义金额) x (1个点/汇率)

例如:

  • 代码 = EUR.USD
  • 金额 = 100’000 EUR
  • 1个点 = 0.0001
  • 汇率 = 1.3884

1个点点值 = 100’000 x (0.0001/1.3884)= 7.20 EUR

  • 代码 = USD.JPY
  • 金额 = 100’000 USD
  • 1个点 = 0.01
  • 汇率 = 101.63

1个点点值 = 100’000 x (0.01/101.63)= 9.84 USD

 

头寸(交易后)报告

 

外汇头寸信息是在IB进行交易的一个重要方面,在真实账户中开始交易之前需对其进行充分了解。IB的交易软件在两个不同的地方反映了外汇头寸,二者均可在账户窗口查看。

 

1. 市场价值

账户窗口的市场价值部分反映的是实时货币头寸,按货币(而非货币对)显示。 

账户窗口的市场价值部分是唯一一个可供交易者查看实时外汇头寸信息的地方。持有多种货币头寸的交易者不一定要使用开仓时用的货币对来平仓。例如,买了EUR.USD(买EUR卖USD)还买了USD.JPY(买USD卖JPY)的交易者也可以通过交易EUR.JPY(卖EUR买JPY)来平仓头寸。

注:

市场价值部分可展开/收起。交易者应点击净清算价值栏上方的符号确保显示出绿色“减号”。如果是绿色“加号“,某些头寸可能被隐藏。

 

交易者可以从市场价值部分发起平仓交易:右键点击想要平仓的货币,选择”平仓货币余额“或”平仓所有非基础货币余额“。

 

 2. 外汇投资组合

账户窗口的外汇投资组合部分展示的是虚拟头寸,以货币对的形式显示头寸信息,这与市场价值部分按货币显示不同。这种特定的显示形式是为了考虑机构外汇交易者的常用惯例,零售或非频繁外汇交易者基本上可以无视该部分信息。外汇投资组合的头寸数量并不反映所有外汇活动,但是,交易者可以对此部分显示的头寸数量和平均成本进行修改。这一无需执行交易便可随意调整头寸和平均成本信息的功能对于除交易非基础货币产品外还参与其它货币交易的交易者可能会有帮助。其可让交易者手动将自动货币转换(交易非基础货币产品时会自动发生)与单纯的外汇交易活动分隔开来。 

外汇投资组合部分的外汇头寸和盈亏信息均来自所有其它交易窗口显示的信息。这在确定真实的实时头寸信息时可能会造成一定困惑。为减少或消除此类困惑,交易者可以选择以下操作:

 

a. 收起外汇投资组合部分

点击外汇投资组合(FX Portfolio)文字左边的箭头可收起外汇投资组合部分。收起该部分后,虚拟头寸信息便不再在各交易页面显示。(注:这并不会让市场价值信息显示出来,其只会阻止外汇投资组合信息显示。)

 

 

b. 调整头寸或平均价格

右键点击账户窗口的外汇投资组合部分,交易者可以选择调整头寸或平均价格。交易者平仓掉所有非基础货币头寸并确定市场价值部分反映了被平仓的所有非基础货币头寸后,便可将头寸和平均价格区域重置为0。此操作会重置外汇投资组合部分的头寸数量,可让交易者在交易界面看到更加准确的头寸和盈亏信息。(注:这是手动操作,每次货币头寸平仓后都需进行一次)。交易者应随时对市场价值部分的头寸信息进行确认,确保传递的定单达到开仓或平仓头寸想要的结果)

 

我们鼓励交易者在真实账户中开始交易前,先在模拟交易或演示账户中熟悉一下外汇交易。如关于以上信息仍有任何疑问,请联系IB。

返回顶部

 

 

 

其它常见问题:

 

 

 

 

如何用外汇交易者(FX Trader)下单?

Overview: 

TWS可供客户从外汇交易者(FX Trader)界面创建外汇定单。  

Background: 

尽管外汇交易者界面与定单管理界面有所不同,但交易功能是相同的。

点击TWS主界面顶部的外汇交易者图标即可打开外汇交易者,外汇交易者界面以类似“单元格”的形式显示货币对。 

与定单管理界面的市场数据行类似,买价位于左侧,卖价位于右侧。点击卖价下买单,点击买价下卖单。

工作中的定单和交易会显示在外汇交易者窗口第二部分的相应标签页中。

注:外汇交易者中创建的定单会显示在TWS的定单管理界面,但定单管理界面创建的定单无法在外汇交易者窗口查看。

点击此处观看有关外汇交易者使用的录制网研会。

 

Leveraged FX Currency Restrictions for Israeli Retail Clients

Due to a June 2018 ruling by the Israeli financial court, Interactive Brokers is no longer permitted to offer spot forex trading to Israeli retail clients. While IBKR's forex offering is a deliverable "spot" transaction, the ruling interpreted a 2014 amendment to Israeli Securities Law 5728-1968 to cover spot/cash transactions in addition to derivative/contract style transactions.

The restriction applies only to clients deemed to be "retail" investors.  Non-retail investors (i.e. Qualified Investors and clients who are included in the First Schedule of the Israeli Securities Law 1968) are exempt from this restriction.
The new forex restriction goes into effect on 1 August 2018:
  • Forex transactions that would create a negative balance or would increase a pre-existing negative balance in either component currency will not be allowed to Israeli retail clients.
  • The negative cash balance test applies only to the component currencies and for the cash movements created directly by the forex trade. There is no restriction regarding the creation of negative balances by other means such as cashiering activity or trading activities in securities (stocks, bonds, options, etc).
The relevant ISA regulation can be found here (ISA_6025) with sections 44L-M defining the relevant issues.
 
Example: Prohibited Transaction
 
An account is not allowed to go negative cash upon execution of a cash conversion or FX trade. 
Have USD 1,000 and try to buy EUR 3,000 @ 1.17 USD-EUR (USD Value of 3,510) would create a negative balance of USD -4,510.
Currency Cash Cash
ILS 10,000 10,000
USD 1,000 -2,510
EUR 0 3,000
Example: Permitted Transaction
 
The rule will not prevent you from trading on margin or engaging in any other investment transaction on the IBKR Platform.
 
Example: Having USD 1,000 and buying stocks worth USD 3,000 USD would create a balance of
USD -2,000.
Currency Cash Stock Cash Stock
USD 1,000 0 -2,000 3,000

Example: Having USD 1,000 and converting to ILD, value of ILS 3,600 (1 USD = 3.6 ILS) 

Currency
Cash
Cash
ILS
0
3,600
USD
1,000
0

Example: Have USD 1,000 USD and withdraw EUR 600

Currency
Cash
Cash
EUR
0
-600
USD
1,000
1,000

 

Procedure

In order to be consider a "Qualified Investor" IB requires client to meet the following criteria and procedural requirements.

Qualified Investor qualification need to be recertified every 3 years.

For Individuals

Individuals, which comply with at least one of the following alternatives:

  1. Total value of Liquid Assets greater than NIS 8 million; or
  2. Annual income in each preceding two years is greater than NIS 1.2 million or the income of the Household to which he belongs is greater than NIS 1.8 million.; or
  3. Total value of Liquid Assets greater than NIS 5 million and the annual income in each proceeding two years is greater than NIS 600,000 or such annual income of the Household to which he belongs is greater than NIS 900,000.

"Liquid Assets" means cash, deposits, securities, equities and funds.

"Household" means an individual and the persons living with him or who are dependent on him for their living.

The client must:

  • compete the Qualified Investor Representation form and
  • provide a written signed confirmation from a registered attorney or accountant certifying their qualification. This certification should be no older than 3 months.

For Corporates

The following entities can be exempted:

  1. Authorized mutual funds or fund managers
  2. Provident funds or fund managers
  3. Insurers
  4. Banking corporations
  5. Portfolio managers
  6. Investment advisors, who acquire for themselves
  7. Stock Exchange members
  8. Underwrites, who buy for themselves
  9. Venture capital funds
  10. Corporations (including funds, partnerships) other than corporations which were incorporated for the purpose of purchasing securities in a specific offer, with equity exceeding 50 million NIS
  11. Corporations, wholly owned by one of the aforementioned investors

Entities qualifying under exemptions 1-9 must provide confirmation of their status from a governmental register.
Entities that wish to be considered under exemptions 10 and 11 must:

  • complete the Qualified Investor Representation form and
  • provide a written signed confirmation from a registered attorney or accountant certifying their qualification. This certification should be no older than 3 months.
     

Forex Execution Statistics

Overview: 

IB clients can now analyze the quality of their forex executions in comparison to forex trades by other IB customers through the FX Browser tool in Account Management. The tool provides transaction data for the 15 forex transactions that occur immediately before and after in the same currency pair of the client's transaction.

Note:

The number of transactions may be limited to fewer than the stated 15 as the NFA also has placed a 15 minute window on the query. Meaning, if within a 15 minute window before and after the customer's execution there are fewer than 15 executions the customer's query will return only those executions which occurred within the time window.
 

Accessing the FX Browser Tool
To Access the FX Browser tool, login to Account Management using the Login button on our website. Click the Support tab followed by Tools. Please note, at this time only data for the live account will be provided.

 

From there, select FX Browser from the list of tools:

 

Submitting a Query

When the FX Browser is launched, you will be presented with the following screen:

 

Please note that only Trade Date is a mandatory field in the query. When clicking on the Trade Date field, a calendar widget will populate and allow you to select your trade date. Only transactions from the last 6 months will be available to search.

 

Active customers may wish to limit the results by further selecting the currency pair, side or time of the execution.

Once the desired query has been entered, click on the Submit button.

The next screen will display the list of executions for the given account on the specified day. From there, you may select the execution you wish to receive the execution statistics on.

 

Once the execution you wish to view has been selected, click the "Download NFA Report" button.


 

Reading the Report
The results will be returned in a new tab and will contain the 15 executions before and 15 executions after the trade you selected on the previous screen. Per the note above, if fewer than 15 executions occurred in the 15 minute time frame only those executions will be displayed.

The query results will include the following information:

  • Execution date and time, as expressed in Eastern time
  • Side (buy or sell)
  • Quantity (of Transaction Currency)
  • Currency pair
  • Execution price
  • Commissions and other charges assessed by the FDM
  • Currency denomination of commissions

Your trade will be marked as Trade Number "0" and the trades before and after your trade will be numbered from 1 to 15.

 

Error Messages

If the search criteria you enter does not bring up any trade information, you will be presented with the following error message:

 

Automatic Forex Swap

OVERVIEW 

In general, interest on account balances are credited/debited at benchmark rates plus/minus a spread as shown on our web pages. For qualified clients with substantial forex positions, however, IB has created a mechanism to carry large gross FX positions with higher efficiency with respect to carrying costs. We refer to it as the “auto swap program”. The design allows clients to benefit from IB’s participation in the interbank forex swaps market where implied interest rate spreads are usually much narrower than the spreads available in the retail deposit market. 

a. Concept 

Interest is charged on settled balances, so the intent of a Forex swap as used here is to defer the settlement of a currency position from one day to the next business day. This is done by a simultaneous sell and buy of the same amount of base (first) currency but for two different value dates e.g. on T you go long 10 mio. EUR.USD for value date T+2. By example, on T+1 the position is swapped T+2 to T+3, here a sell of 10 mio EUR.USD for T+2 and a purchase of 10 mio. EUR.USD for T+3. As a result you have deferred settlement from T+2 to T+3, with the difference in prices of the two trades representing the financing cost from T+2 to T+3.

b. Cost

This service is provided as a free service and no commission or markup is charged by Interactive Brokers. The interbank market bid/ask spread inherent in the swap prices may be regarded as a cost but is not determined by Interactive Brokers. Interactive Brokers provides the service on a best efforts basis to our large Forex clients.

c. Position Criteria

Swap activity is only applied to accounts with gross FX positions larger than 10 mio. USD or approximate equivalent of other currencies. Positions are swapped (rolled) in increments or multiples of USD 1 mio. (or equivalent). The residual settled balances are traded under IB‘s standard interest model1. Positions that are swapped (rolled) are real positions, i.e. the projected T+1 settled cash balances.

The so-called “Virtual Positions” are not considered; the virtual position is only a representation of the original trades expressed as currency pairs, for example EUR.CHF.

Settled cash balances are a single currency concept, e.g. EUR or CNH. IB executes all swaps against USD as it is the most efficient funding currency. Should you have a position in a cross, e.g. EUR against CHF, two swaps, one in EUR.USD and one in USD.CHF will be done. The threshold(s) and increment(s) may change at any time without notice.

d. Client Eligibility

As we offer this service for free, only clients with substantial currency positions are eligible for inclusion in the service. US legal residents need to be an Eligible Contract Participant (ECP) and be in the possession of an LEI number (legal entity identifier). Interactive Brokers cannot guarantee a client’s inclusion in the program and all inquiries require compliance approval prior to become active.2

e. Swap Price Recognition 

Interactive Brokers may conduct a series of swaps in a currency during a day. Interactive Brokers will use average bid and ask prices at which it executed, respectively average bid and asks as quoted in the interbank market. Swap prices are not published but can be seen (or calculated) in the statement after execution. The swaps are applied in the account at the end of the day.

f. Recognition in the Statement 

You will find the swap transaction(s) in the Trades section of the statement. The swap are represented as simultaneous purchase/sale or vice versa, do not have a time stamp and shows an M (manual entry) in the code column. The actual swap prices are the difference in between the two prices.

Here an example for cob 20150203 that shows a swap from 20150203 to 20150204.

 

g. Examples of Swap Prices 

Here a couple of examples that use swap prices from a major interbank provider. Often bid/ask spreads are even tighter. 

Currency Pair

Spot Bid

Spot Ask

Tenor

Days in Period (TN)

Swap Points Bid

Swap Points Ask

Implied Currency

Implied Rate Bid

Implied Rate Ask

EUR.USD

1.04481

1.04483

TomNext(TN)

1

0.00004220

0.00004280

EUR

-0.77%

-0.75%

USD.HKD

7.76810

7.76810

TomNext(TN)

1

-0.00011500

-0.00011000

HKD

0.17%

0.19%

USD.JPY

117.050

117.052

TomNext(TN)

1

-0.0038

-0.0032

JPY

-0.47%

-0.47%

USD.CNH

6.93101

6.93105

TomNext(TN)

1

0.0021

0.0028

CNH

11.77%

15.46%

In more detail, let’s assume you want to calculate the implied CNH rate resulting from a USD.CNH swap. We are looking for the implied rate of the quote currency CNH (Currency 2). Therefore the following formula is used:

 

 

Description Variable Value
Currency Pair (Currency1.Currency2) USD.CNH  
day count convention Currency 1 (base Currency), i.e. USD dayCountCurr1 360
day count convention Currency 2 (quote Currency), i.e. CNH dayCountCurr2 365
Tenor TomNext  
number of days in the Tenor noDays 1
interest rate of Currency 1 (in decimals, i.e. 1% = 0.01) inRateCurr1 0.0070
Currency rate (Spot) currencyRate 6.939500
swap Points expressed in decimals swapPoints 0.0012
near Currency Rate (Spot - swap points) nearCurrencyRate 6.938300
far Currency Rate (in a Tomnext swap this is the spot rate) farCurrencyRate 6.939500
     
implied interes rate of Currency2, i.e. CNH impliedRateCurrncy2(quoteCurrency) 0.0702

 So using above figures, this results in a 7.02% implied interest rate for CNH.

 

Now if you wanted to calculate the implied rate for the base currency (Currency 1) the formula would change slightly. Here an example using EUR.USD:

 

Description Variable Value
Currency Pair (Currency1.Currency2) EUR.USD  
day count convention Currency 1 (base Currency), i.e. EUR dayCountCurr1 360
day count convention Currency 2 (quote Currency), i.e. USD dayCountCurr2 360
Tenor TomNext  
number of days in the Tenor noDays 1
interest rate of Currency 2 (in decimals, i.e. 1% = 0.01) inRateCurr2 0.0070
Currency rate (Spot) currencyRate 1.039900
swap Points expressed in decimals swapPoints 0.000042
near Currency Rate (Spot - swap points) nearCurrencyRate 1.039858
far Currency Rate (in a Tomnext swap this is the spot rate) farCurrencyRate 1.039900
     
implied interes rate of Currency1, i.e. EUR impliedRateCurrncy1(baseCurrency) -0.0075

 Using above example, this results in a -0.75 % implied interest rate for EUR. 

  

1. For example, in the case of a USD 20.3 mio. position only 20 mio. will be swapped. USD 0.3 remains in the account and interest using benchmark and spreads will be applied. A USD 300k position will not be considered for swapping at all. The position by currency is taken as the reference, regardless of the overall position. 

 2 US, Australian and Israeli domiciled residents are currently not eligible for inclusion in the Automated Forex Swap Program.

Summary of Risks relating to Forex CFDs issued by Interactive Brokers Securities Japan, Inc.

Overview: 

This summary highlights the principal risks associated with trading Forex CFDs issued by IBSJ (“IB FXCFDs"). It is not a risk disclosure for regulatory purposes.

  • Trading of IB FXCFDs is not suitable for all investors, and you should not trade them unless you are an experienced investor with a high risk tolerance and the capability to sustain losses if they occur
  • The volatility of foreign exchange rates and interest rates may quickly cause significant losses. Forex CFDs employ leverage that further amplifies the volatility relative to your investment and you may lose more than you have invested. In addition, IB FXCFD roll over interest may turn from a credit to a debit due to changes in interest rates
  • You are required to maintain sufficient equity in your account at all times to cover IBSJs maintenance margin requirement. There are no grace-periods and IBSJ does not issue margin calls. Your equity is calculated in real time and should it become insufficient, IBSJ will immediately and automatically liquidate positions to bring your account into margin compliance. Real time liquidations aim to minimize the risk that your account equity becomes negative, but they cannot eliminate that risk. Should your equity become negative you are required to deposit additional funds to cover the deficit
  • The price IBSJ displays to you for IB FXCFDs is based on the prevailing foreign exchange market. However there is no guarantee for executions at that price. Slippage may occur for large trades or in fast moving markets and during heavily traded hours
  • Moreover, your ability to establish or close positions on a timely basis is not guaranteed. It may become difficult to display quotes during major holidays or during hours when foreign exchange trading is not active. IBSJ may display prices that deviate from a fair market due to system-malfunctions or failures, or erroneous quotes that IBSJ may receive from market participants or for other reasons (off-market prices). IBSJ will adjust or cancel trades executed with off-market prices
  • IB FXCFDs are over-the-counter trades between you and IBSJ. They are not traded on any exchange or cleared by any central counterparty. You are therefore exposed to counterparty risk and should IBSJ become insolvent you may not be able to fully recoup your investment, or at all

Please contact IBSJs Client Service Department should you have questions about the content of this summary and read the full risk disclosure carefully before commencing trading. The risk disclosure is available in Account Management when you request IB FXCFD trading permissions, and on IBSJs web site.

IB外汇差价合约 - 事实与常见问题

Overview: 
下方文章对IB英国发行的外汇差价合约(CFD)进行了总体介绍。
IB外汇差价合约覆盖了可做即期外汇交易的全部85个货币对,佣金和保证金率均与即期外汇相同。与即期外汇相比,外汇差价合约有着极具竞争力的融资模式,详细信息请见下文。
 
有关IB股票差价合约的信息,请点击 此处。有关指数差价合约的信息,请点击此处

风险警告
差价合约属于复杂金融产品,其交易存在高风险,由于杠杆的作用,可能会出现迅速亏损。

在通过IBKR(UK)交易差价合约时,有67%的零售投资者账户出现了亏损。

您应考虑自己是否理解差价合约的运作机制以及自己是否能够承受亏损风险。

ESMA差价合约规定(仅限零售客户)

欧洲证券与市场管理局(ESMA)颁布了新的差价合约规定,自2018年8月1日起生效。

新规包括:1) 开仓差价合约头寸的杠杆限制;2) 以单个账户为单位的保证金平仓规则;以及3) 以单个账户为单位的负余额保护规则;ESMA规定仅适用于零售客户。

专业客户不受影响。

请参见ESMA差价合约新规推行了解更多详细信息。

 

IBKR外汇差价合约特点

透明的直接市场接入(DMA)报价:IB收紧的点差与丰富的流动性源于14家全球最大外汇交易商的联合报价,这些交易商占有全球银行同业拆借市场的份额超过70%*。因此显示的报价低至0.1个点差(PIP)。IB不会标高报价,而是会将其接收到的价格直接传递给客户并单独收取低廉的佣金。

*来源:欧洲货币杂志外汇调查(Euromoney FX survey)外汇投票2016。

息差:外汇差价合约在展期时会反映相关货币对的基准利率差。这基本上与其他经纪商使用的隔夜利息(TOM Next)展期相似,但由于基准利率的波动性通常小于互换利率,该息差的稳定性更高。此外,IB还提供很低的融资点差,对主要货币对低至1.0%;对较大余额低至0.5%。波动较大的货币对融资点差也会更高。
 
IB外汇差价合约的息差是根据货币对特定基准和点差而确定的。基准为两种货币的IB基准利率之差。计算方法为 + 基础货币基准利率 – 报价货币基准利率。

例如,2016年4月21日,英镑基准利率为0.483%,美元基准利率为0.37%。则适用的基准利率为:

GBP.USD基准 +0.483% - 0.37% = +0.113%

适用的客户利率为货币对基准 – IB多头头寸点差,基准 + 空头头寸点差:

GBP.USD多头利率 +0.113% - 1.00% = -0.887%

GBP.USD空头利率 +0.113% + 1.00% = +1.113%

请注意,多头利率为贷项,空头利率为借项。因此,对于多头头寸,正利率意味着您会收到利息,负利率意味着您会被收取利息。而对于空头头寸,正利率意味着您会被收取利息,负利率意味着您会收到利息。

利率根据以报价货币表示的合约价值进行计算,并以该货币收取或支付利息。举例:

举例:

每日利息
  头寸 GBP.USD收盘价 USD价值 利率 USD
GBP.USD -20,000 1.43232 -28,646.40 1.113% -0.89

外汇差价合约余额利息基于合约单独计算,而不是与其他货币头寸(包括即期外汇)合并或总括计算。尽管IB不会直接引用互换利率,但IB保留在特殊市场条件下(如财年结束前后的互换利率迅速上升)应用较高点差的权利。

点击此处可查看详细的利率信息。
 
交易:IB外汇差价合约的交易与即期外汇完全一样,也支持同样的20多种定单类型和算法。IB外汇差价合约交易可在标准模式TWS或IB外汇交易者中进行。要在标准模式TWS或外汇交易者中找到想要交易的合约,请输入货币对(如EUR.USD)并在合约选择弹框中选择差价合约。
 
保证金:IB外汇差价合约保证金按合约针对每个货币对计算,
而不考虑账户中持有的其他外汇余额,包括即期外汇。主要货币对的保证金低至合约价值的2.5%。点击此处可查看所有货币对的详细信息。取决于具体货币对,零售客户须满足3.33%或5%的最低初始保证金。请参见ESMA差价合约新规推行了解详细信息。
 
佣金:IB会将其接收到的价格直接传递给客户并单独收取低廉的佣金。
我们之所以这样做是为了向客户提供透明的定价结构,而不是像许多外汇经纪商那样不收取佣金但标高报价。佣金阶梯根据月交易量来确定,从0.20到0.08个基点不等。外汇差价合约和即期外汇交易量都计入阶梯。
点击此处可查看详细信息。
 
交易许可:要交易外汇差价合约,您必须在账户管理中为外汇差价合约设置交易许可。适用条件与杠杆外汇相同。  请注意,外汇差价合约与其它差价合约一样均由IB英国承转,因此,如果您持有IB LLC账户,我们会提示您开立一个IB英国账户段。IB英国账户段会在您的当前账户号码后加上后缀“F”。 
 

交易举例(专业客户)

开仓

您以$1.16195的价格买入10手(200000)EUR.CHF差价合约,总计CHF 232,390,持有5天。

EUR.CHF外汇差价合约 – 新头寸
参考底层证券价格 1.16188 - 1.16195
差价合约参考价格 1.16188 - 1.16195
行动 买入
数量 200,000
交易价值 CHF 232,390.00
保证金(3% x 232,390) AUD 9,100

 

收取的利息(232,390瑞郎5天的利息)
第一阶梯(货币对BM 0.42% - IB点差1%) CHF 232,390.00 -0.58% (CHF 18.72)

平仓

平仓差价合约头寸
  盈利情境 亏损情境
参考底层证券价格 1.16840 - 1.16848 1.15539 - 1.15546
差价合约参考价格 1.16840 - 1.16848 1.15539 - 1.15546
行动 卖出 卖出
数量 200,000 200,000
交易价值 CHF 233,680.00 CHF 231,078.00
交易盈亏 CHF 1,290.00 (CHF 1,312.00)
融资 (CHF 18.72) (CHF 18.72)
开仓佣金0.002% (CHF 4.65) (CHF 4.65)
开仓佣金0.002% (CHF 4.67) (CHF 4.62)
总盈亏 CHF 1,261.96 (CHF 1,339.99)

差价合约的相关资源

下方链接可帮助您了解更多有关IB差价合约产品的详细信息:

 

常见问题

任何人都能交易IB外汇差价合约吗?

除美国、加拿大和香港的居民,其他所有客户都能交易IB差价合约。任何投资者类型都不能免于这一基于居住地的限制。

 

IB外汇差价合约和IB现金外汇之间的区别是什么?

IB现金外汇是一种带杠杆的现金交易,可实物交割货币对的两种货币。您的外汇交易相关余额会与您其他交易活动产生的其他余额合并,且您需根据每种货币的基准利率为这些合并余额支付利息或收取相关利息。

相比之下,IB外汇差价合约是一种提供仓位但不支持实物交割底层货币的合约,且您是根据合约的名义价值支付或收取利息的。合约的基准利率是两种底层货币的基准利率差额。这基本上与其他经纪商使用的隔夜利息(TOM Next)展期相似,但由于基准利率的波动性通常小于互换利率,该息差的稳定性更高。

请参见上方的息差部分查看详细举例。

 

有什么市场数据要求吗?

IB外汇差价合约的市场数据与杠杆外汇相同。其为全局许可且免费。

 

差价合约交易与头寸在报表中如何反映?

如果您在IB LLC持有账户,且您的差价合约头寸持有在单独的账户段(主账户号码加后缀“F”)中。您可选择单独查看F账户段的活动报表,也可以选择与主账户合并查看。您可在账户管理的报表窗口进行选择。

 

我可以采用与即期外汇一样的定单类型和算法交易外汇差价合约吗?我可以在外汇交易者中进行这种交易吗?

可以,交易是一样的。

 

Allocation of Partial Fills

Title:

How are executions allocated when an order receives a partial fill because an insufficient quantity is available to complete the allocation of shares/contracts to sub-accounts?

 

Overview:

From time-to-time, one may experience an allocation order which is partially executed and is canceled prior to being completed (i.e. market closes, contract expires, halts due to news, prices move in an unfavorable direction, etc.). In such cases, IB determines which customers (who were originally included in the order group and/or profile) will receive the executed shares/contracts. The methodology used by IB to impartially determine who receives the shares/contacts in the event of a partial fill is described in this article.

 

Background:

Before placing an order CTAs and FAs are given the ability to predetermine the method by which an execution is to be allocated amongst client accounts. They can do so by first creating a group (i.e. ratio/percentage) or profile (i.e. specific amount) wherein a distinct number of shares/contracts are specified per client account (i.e. pre-trade allocation). These amounts can be prearranged based on certain account values including the clients’ Net Liquidation Total, Available Equity, etc., or indicated prior to the order execution using Ratios, Percentages, etc. Each group and/or profile is generally created with the assumption that the order will be executed in full. However, as we will see, this is not always the case. Therefore, we are providing examples that describe and demonstrate the process used to allocate partial executions with pre-defined groups and/or profiles and how the allocations are determined.

Here is the list of allocation methods with brief descriptions about how they work.

·         AvailableEquity
Use sub account’ available equality value as ratio. 

·         NetLiq
Use subaccount’ net liquidation value as ratio

·         EqualQuantity
Same ratio for each account

·         PctChange1:Portion of the allocation logic is in Trader Workstation (the initial calculation of the desired quantities per account).

·         Profile

The ratio is prescribed by the user

·         Inline Profile

The ratio is prescribed by the user.

·         Model1:
Roughly speaking, we use each account NLV in the model as the desired ratio. It is possible to dynamically add (invest) or remove (divest) accounts to/from a model, which can change allocation of the existing orders.

 

 

 

Basic Examples:

Details:

CTA/FA has 3-clients with a predefined profile titled “XYZ commodities” for orders of 50 contracts which (upon execution) are allocated as follows:

Account (A) = 25 contracts

Account (B) = 15 contracts

Account (C) = 10 contracts

 

Example #1:

CTA/FA creates a DAY order to buy 50 Sept 2016 XYZ future contracts and specifies “XYZ commodities” as the predefined allocation profile. Upon transmission at 10 am (ET) the order begins to execute2but in very small portions and over a very long period of time. At 2 pm (ET) the order is canceled prior to being executed in full. As a result, only a portion of the order is filled (i.e., 7 of the 50 contracts are filled or 14%). For each account the system initially allocates by rounding fractional amounts down to whole numbers:

 

Account (A) = 14% of 25 = 3.5 rounded down to 3

Account (B) = 14% of 15 = 2.1 rounded down to 2

Account (C) = 14% of 10 = 1.4 rounded down to 1

 

To Summarize:

A: initially receives 3 contracts, which is 3/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.12)

B: initially receives 2 contracts, which is 2/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.134)

C: initially receives 1 contract, which is 1/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.10)

 

The system then allocates the next (and final) contract to an account with the smallest ratio (i.e. Account C which currently has a ratio of 0.10).

A: final allocation of 3 contracts, which is 3/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.12)

B: final allocation of 2 contracts, which is 2/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.134)

C: final allocation of 2 contract, which is 2/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.20)

The execution(s) received have now been allocated in full.

 

Example #2:

CTA/FA creates a DAY order to buy 50 Sept 2016 XYZ future contracts and specifies “XYZ commodities” as the predefined allocation profile. Upon transmission at 11 am (ET) the order begins to be filled3 but in very small portions and over a very long period of time. At 1 pm (ET) the order is canceled prior being executed in full. As a result, only a portion of the order is executed (i.e., 5 of the 50 contracts are filled or 10%).For each account, the system initially allocates by rounding fractional amounts down to whole numbers:

 

Account (A) = 10% of 25 = 2.5 rounded down to 2

Account (B) = 10% of 15 = 1.5 rounded down to 1

Account (C) = 10% of 10 = 1 (no rounding necessary)

 

To Summarize:

A: initially receives 2 contracts, which is 2/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.08)

B: initially receives 1 contract, which is 1/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.067)

C: initially receives 1 contract, which is 1/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.10)

The system then allocates the next (and final) contract to an account with the smallest ratio (i.e. to Account B which currently has a ratio of 0.067).

A: final allocation of 2 contracts, which is 2/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.08)

B: final allocation of 2 contracts, which is 2/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.134)

C: final allocation of 1 contract, which is 1/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.10)

 

The execution(s) received have now been allocated in full.

Example #3:

CTA/FA creates a DAY order to buy 50 Sept 2016 XYZ future contracts and specifies “XYZ commodities” as the predefined allocation profile. Upon transmission at 11 am (ET) the order begins to be executed2  but in very small portions and over a very long period of time. At 12 pm (ET) the order is canceled prior to being executed in full. As a result, only a portion of the order is filled (i.e., 3 of the 50 contracts are filled or 6%). Normally the system initially allocates by rounding fractional amounts down to whole numbers, however for a fill size of less than 4 shares/contracts, IB first allocates based on the following random allocation methodology.

 

In this case, since the fill size is 3, we skip the rounding fractional amounts down.

 

For the first share/contract, all A, B and C have the same initial fill ratio and fill quantity, so we randomly pick an account and allocate this share/contract. The system randomly chose account A for allocation of the first share/contract.

 

To Summarize3:

A: initially receives 1 contract, which is 1/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.04)

B: initially receives 0 contracts, which is 0/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.00)

C: initially receives 0 contracts, which is 0/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.00)

 

Next, the system will perform a random allocation amongst the remaining accounts (in this case accounts B & C, each with an equal probability) to determine who will receive the next share/contract.

 

The system randomly chose account B for allocation of the second share/contract.

A: 1 contract, which is 1/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.04)

B: 1 contract, which is 1/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.067)

C: 0 contracts, which is 0/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.00)

 

The system then allocates the final [3] share/contract to an account(s) with the smallest ratio (i.e. Account C which currently has a ratio of 0.00).

A: final allocation of 1 contract, which is 1/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.04)

B: final allocation of 1 contract, which is 1/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.067)

C: final allocation of 1 contract, which is 1/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.10)

 

The execution(s) received have now been allocated in full.

 

Available allocation Flags

Besides the allocation methods above, user can choose the following flags, which also influence the allocation:

·         Strict per-account allocation.
For the initially submitted order if one or more subaccounts are rejected by the credit checking, we reject the whole order.

·         “Close positions first”1.This is the default handling mode for all orders which close a position (whether or not they are also opening position on the other side or not). The calculation are slightly different and ensure that we do not start opening position for one account if another account still has a position to close, except in few more complex cases.


Other factor affects allocations:

1)      Mutual Fund: the allocation has two steps. The first execution report is received before market open. We allocate based onMonetaryValue for buy order and MonetaryValueShares for sell order. Later, when second execution report which has the NetAssetValue comes, we do the final allocation based on first allocation report.

2)      Allocate in Lot Size: if a user chooses (thru account config) to prefer whole-lot allocations for stocks, the calculations are more complex and will be described in the next version of this document.

3)      Combo allocation1: we allocate combo trades as a unit, resulting in slightly different calculations.

4)      Long/short split1: applied to orders for stocks, warrants or structured products. When allocating long sell orders, we only allocate to accounts which have long position: resulting in calculations being more complex.

5)      For non-guaranteed smart combo: we do allocation by each leg instead of combo.

6)      In case of trade bust or correction1: the allocations are adjusted using more complex logic.

7)      Account exclusion1: Some subaccounts could be excluded from allocation for the following reasons, no trading permission, employee restriction, broker restriction, RejectIfOpening, prop account restrictions, dynamic size violation, MoneyMarketRules restriction for mutual fund. We do not allocate to excluded accountsand we cancel the order after other accounts are filled. In case of partial restriction (e.g. account is permitted to close but not to open, or account has enough excess liquidity only for a portion of the desired position).

 

 

Footnotes:

1.        Details of these calculations will be included in the next revision of this document.

2.        To continue observing margin in each account on a real-time basis, IB allocates each trade immediately (behind the scenes) however from the CTA and/or FA (or client’s) point of view, the final distribution of the execution at an average price typically occurs when the trade is executed in full, is canceled or at the end of day (whichever happens first).

3.       If no account has a ratio greater than 1.0 or multiple accounts are tied in the final step (i.e. ratio = 0.00), the first step is skipped and allocation of the first share/contract is decided via step two (i.e. random allocation).

 

Additional Information Regarding the Use of Stop Orders

U.S. equity markets occasionally experience periods of extraordinary volatility and price dislocation. Sometimes these occurrences are prolonged and at other times they are of very short duration. Stop orders may play a role in contributing to downward price pressure and market volatility and may result in executions at prices very far from the trigger price. 

Investors may use stop sell orders to help protect a profit position in the event the price of a stock declines or to limit a loss. In addition, investors with a short position may use stop buy orders to help limit losses in the event of price increases. However, because stop orders, once triggered, become market orders, investors immediately face the same risks inherent with market orders – particularly during volatile market conditions when orders may be executed at prices materially above or below expected prices.
 
While stop orders may be a useful tool for investors to help monitor the price of their positions, stop orders are not without potential risks.  If you choose to trade using stop orders, please keep the following information in mind:
 
·         Stop prices are not guaranteed execution prices. A “stop order” becomes a “market order” when the “stop price” is reached and the resulting order is required to be executed fully and promptly at the current market price. Therefore, the price at which a stop order ultimately is executed may be very different from the investor’s “stop price.” Accordingly, while a customer may receive a prompt execution of a stop order that becomes a market order, during volatile market conditions, the execution price may be significantly different from the stop price, if the market is moving rapidly.
 
·         Stop orders may be triggered by a short-lived, dramatic price change. During periods of volatile market conditions, the price of a stock can move significantly in a short period of time and trigger an execution of a stop order (and the stock may later resume trading at its prior price level). Investors should understand that if their stop order is triggered under these circumstances, their order may be filled at an undesirable price, and the price may subsequently stabilize during the same trading day.
 
·         Sell stop orders may exacerbate price declines during times of extreme volatility. The activation of sell stop orders may add downward price pressure on a security. If triggered during a precipitous price decline, a sell stop order also is more likely to result in an execution well below the stop price.
 
·         Placing a “limit price” on a stop order may help manage some of these risks. A stop order with a “limit price” (a “stop limit” order) becomes a “limit order” when the stock reaches or exceeds the “stop price.” A “limit order” is an order to buy or sell a security for an amount no worse than a specific price (i.e., the “limit price”). By using a stop limit order instead of a regular stop order, a customer will receive additional certainty with respect to the price the customer receives for the stock. However, investors also should be aware that, because a sell order cannot be filled at a price that is lower (or a buy order for a price that is higher) than the limit price selected, there is the possibility that the order will not be filled at all. Customers should consider using limit orders in cases where they prioritize achieving a desired target price more than receiving an immediate execution irrespective of price.
 
·         The risks inherent in stop orders may be higher during illiquid market hours or around the open and close when markets may be more volatile. This may be of heightened importance for illiquid stocks, which may become even harder to sell at the then current price level and may experience added price dislocation during times of extraordinary market volatility. Customers should consider restricting the time of day during which a stop order may be triggered to prevent stop orders from activating during illiquid market hours or around the open and close when markets may be more volatile, and consider using other order types during these periods.
 
·         In light of the risks inherent in using stop orders, customers should carefully consider using other order types that may also be consistent with their trading needs.
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