市場數據非專業客戶問卷

Overview: 

如何完成最新的非專業客戶問卷。

Background: 

紐約證券交易所(NYSE)及大多數美國的交易所均要求供應商在允許客戶接收市場數據前確認每個客戶接收市場數據的身份。未來,我們將使用非專業客戶問卷來識別及確認所有訂閱用戶的市場數據身份。根據交易所的要求,在未明確客戶為非專業人士之前,將默認客戶的市場數據接收身份為專業人士。該流程能夠保證所有新訂閱用戶的數據訂閱身份是準確的。若要獲取有關非專業人士定義的簡要指南,請見ibkb.interactivebrokers.com/article/2369。

您必須回答問卷上的所有問題,方可被定義為非專業人士。鑑於交易所要求供應商明確獲得客戶為非專業人士的證明,若問卷回答不完整或不清晰,客戶將被界定為專業投資者,直至其身份得到確認。

如您的身份有所變更,請聯繫幫助台。

問題解釋:

1)    商業及業務用途

a)    您是否出於業務需要、或代表其他商業實體接收財經信息(包括關於證券、商品及其他金融產品的新聞或價格數據)?

解釋:除個人用途外,您是否代表公司或其他組織接收及使用本賬戶中的市場數據?

b)    您是否代表公司、合夥企業、專業信託機構、專業投資俱樂部或其他實體開展證券、商品或外匯交易?

解釋:您只代表個人交易,還是也代表機構(如,有限責任公司、有限責任企業、股份有限公司、公司、有限責任合夥企業等)交易?

c)    您是否就以下事項與其他實體或個人達成過協議:(a) 分享交易活動的盈利,或(b)獲取交易酬勞?

解釋:您是否通過交易獲得酬勞,或與第三方實體或個人分享交易活動的盈利?

d)    您是否通過交易換取辦公場所、設備或其他福利?或者,您是否擔任任意個人、企業或商業實體的財務顧問?

解釋:您是否以任意形式從第三方獲得交易的酬勞,該酬勞不一定以貨幣的形式支付。

2)    擔任職務

a)    目前您是否擔任任何投資顧問或經紀交易商的職務?

解釋:您是否通過管理第三方的資產或指導他人如何管理資產獲得酬勞?

b)    您是否擔任證券、商品或外匯方面的資產管理人?         

解釋:您是否通過管理證券、商品或外匯資產獲得酬勞?

c)     目前您是否在工作中使用此類財經信息,或將其用於管理您的雇主或公司的資產?

解釋:您使用數據是否單純出於商業目的,即,用於管理您的雇主及/或公司的資產?

d)    您交易時是否使用了其他個人或實體的資金?

解釋:您的賬戶中除了您個人的資產,是否有其他實體的資產?

3)    向其他任意實體傳播、再發布或提供數據

a)    您是否以任意方式向任意第三方傳播、再傳播、發布或提供任何從服務中獲得的財經信息?

解釋:您是否以任意形式向其他實體發送您從我方獲得的任何數據?

4)    合資格的專業證券/期貨交易商

a)    目前,您是否為任意證券機構、商品或期貨市場的註冊或合資格的專業證券交易員,或為任意國家交易所、監管機構、專業協會或公認專業機構的投資顧問?i, ii
是☐             否☐

i) 監管機構的例子包括但不限於:

  • 美國證券交易委員會(SEC)
  • 美國商品期貨交易委員會(CFTC)
  • 英國金融服務局(FSA)
  • 日本金融服務局(JFSA)

ii) 自律組織(SROs)的例子包括但不限於:

  • 美國紐約證券交易所(NYSE)
  • 美國金融業監管局(FINRA)
  • 瑞士聯邦金融局(VQF)

Market Data Non-Professional Questionnaire

Overview: 

Insight into completing the new Non-Professional Questionnaire.

Background: 

The NYSE and most US exchanges require vendors to positively confirm the market data status of each customer before allowing them to receive market data. Going forward, the Non-Professional Questionnaire will be used to identify and positively confirm the market data status of all customer subscribers. As per exchange requirements, without positively identifying customers as non-professional, the default market data status will be professional. The process will protect and maintain the correct market data status for all new subscribers. For a short guide on non-professional definitions, please see ibkb.interactivebrokers.com/article/2369.

Each question on the questionnaire must be answered in order to have a non-professional designation. As exchanges require positive confirmations of proof for non-professional designations, an incomplete or unclear Non-Professional Questionnaire will result in a Professional designation until the status can be confirmed. 

If the status should change, please contact the helpdesk.

Explanation of questions:

1)    Commercial & Business purposes

a)    Do you receive financial information (including news or price data concerning securities, commodities and other financial instruments) for your business or any other commercial entity?

Explanation: Are you receiving and using the market data for use on behalf of a company or other organization aside from using the data on this account for personal use?

b)    Are you conducting trading of any securities, commodities or forex for the benefit of a corporation, partnership, professional trust, professional investment club or other entity?

Explanation: Are you trading for yourself only or are you trading on behalf of an organization (Ltd, LLC, GmbH, Co., LLP, Corp.)?

c)    Have you entered into any agreement to (a) share the profit of your trading activities or (b) receive compensation for your trading activities?

Explanation: Are you being compensated to trade or are you sharing profits from your trading activities with a third party entity or individual?

d)    Are you receiving office space, and equipment or other benefits in exchange for your trading or work as a financial consultant to any person, firm or business entity?

Explanation: Are you being compensated in any way for your trading activity by a third party, not necessarily by being paid in currency.

2)    Act in a capacity

a)    Are you currently acting in any capacity as an investment adviser or broker dealer?

Explanation: Are you being compensated to manage third party assets or compensated to advise others on how to manage their assets?

b)    Are you engaged as an asset manager for securities, commodities or forex?         
 

Explanation: Are you being compensated to manage securities, commodities, or forex?

c)     Are you currently using this financial information in a business capacity or for managing your employer’s or company’s assets?

Explanation: Are you using data at all for a commercial purposes specifically to manage your employer and/or company assets?

d)    Are you using the capital of any other individual or entity in the conduct of your trading?

Explanation: Are there assets of any other entity in your account other than your own?

3)    Distribute, republish or provide data to any other party

a)    Are you distributing, redistributing, publishing, making available or otherwise providing any financial information from the service to any third party in any manner?

Explanation: Are you sending any data you receive from us to another party in any way, shape, or form?

4)    Qualified professional securities / futures trader

a)    Are you currently registered or qualified as a professional securities trader with any security agency, or with any commodities or futures contract market or investment adviser with any national or state exchange, regulatory authority, professional association or recognized professional body? i, ii
YES☐             NO☐

i) Examples of Regulatory bodies include, but are not limited to,

  • US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
  • US Commodities Futures Trading Commission (CFTC)
  • UK Financial Service Authority (FSA)
  • Japanese Financial Service Agency (JFSA)

ii) Examples of Self-Regulatory Organization (SROs) include, but are not limited to:

  • US NYSE
  • US FINRA
  • Swiss VQF 

CFTC所有權及控制權報告

美國商品期貨交易委員會(The Commodities Futures KW1 Commission,簡稱“CFTC”)曾恪守的法規要求期貨佣金商(FCM)上報所持倉位等於或超過既定限制的客戶其信息(如大型交易者信息報告)。 2013年11月份,CFTC採用了新的法規,該法​​規擴展了此前的報告法規,它要求收集並上報有關交易美國商品期貨產品的賬戶其持有人和監控人更多且更全面的信息。這一新法規被稱為所有權及控制權報告(Ownership and Control Reporting,以下簡稱“OCR”),下方列出的是有關此規定的常見問題解答。

1. 哪些人必須提供CFTC OCR信息?
CFTC法規要求期貨佣金商在賬戶達到倉位限製或成交量限制的次日於美國東部時間09:00之前向CFTC進行報告。故此,IB要求所有交易美國商品期貨產品的賬戶提供相關信息。
 
2. 必須提供哪些信息?
賬戶所有的持有人和監控人必須提供以下信息:
• 姓名
• 街道地址
• 郵箱地址
• 包含國家代碼的直撥電話號碼
 
作為法律實體的賬戶持有人和監控人還須提供以下信息:
• 如果適用,提供法律實體標識(Legal Entity Identifier,以下簡稱“LEI”)
• 聯繫人詳細信息:
o 姓名
o 職務
o 與法律實體的關係
o 包含國家代碼的直撥電話號碼
 
作為“賬戶監控人”的所有個人還需提供以下信息:
• 與賬戶持有人的關係
• 職務
• 僱傭單位
• 如果適用,提供僱傭單位的LEI
 
3. 出於OCR目的,何人為賬戶持有人?
賬戶持有人是指直接持有交易賬戶所有者權益的個人或法律實體。

4. 出於OCR目的,何人為賬戶監控人?
CFTC對“賬戶監控人”的定義是:受委託或直接控制賬戶進行交易的自然人。一個交易賬戶可以具備多個監控人。此定義可於條例17 CFR § 15.00(bb)中尋得。
 
5. 主管”選項是指什麼?
如上所述,您必須提供所有賬戶持有人與監控人的全部OCR信息。除非您另有說明,否則出於CFTC OCR的考慮,盈透會認為您賬戶每位​​活躍TWS使用者都是賬戶監控人。
 
您公司可能會有一位指導公司賬戶進行交易的“主管”,而其他交易員只需根據這位主管的指示進行操作。如果實情的確如此,您可以通過賬戶管理OCR界面確認該“主管”,在這種情況下,“賬戶監控人”部分只需填寫此人的信息。
 
6. 何為LEI?
LEI是指單個機構具有的獨一無二的編碼,該編碼包含20位字母數字,旨在被監管機構和司法管轄區所認可。
-如果您賬戶的任何持有人或監控人具備LEI,您必須提供此編碼;
-如果您賬戶的持有人或監控人不具備LEI,您可以選擇“不適用”
 
存券信託公司(Depository Trust Company,簡稱“DTC”)與環球同業銀行金融電訊協會(Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications,簡稱“SWIFT”)為LEI的供應者,二者運行的網站(www.gmeiutility.org)可供分配新的LEI並蒐尋現有的LEI。
 
7. 何為美國全國期貨協會(National Futures Association, 簡稱“NFA”)代碼?
NFA代碼是指美國期貨組織指定給每個登記者(如公司,或亦作為商品交易顧問或商品基金經理的個人)的號碼。 NFA運行的在線登記系統(Online Registration System,簡稱“ORS”)可供客戶進行登記並可提供代碼。詳情請見www.nfa.futures.org
 
8. 本人該從何得知僱傭單位是否具有LEI或NFA代碼?
您可以請貴公司提供此信息或搜索以下網站:
 
您可以通過DTC網站搜索LEI: www.gmeiutility.org 。具體可通過搜索公司登記的合法名稱或地址獲取LEI。
 
您可以通過NFA網頁搜索NFA代碼: www.nfa.futures.org/basicnet/welcome.aspx 。具體可通過搜索公司名稱,個人姓名或經理姓名獲取LEI。
 
9.  為何本人必須提供此信息?
美國聯邦監管機構要求包括盈透在內的所有期貨佣金商從其客戶處獲取這些信息。此規定具有普遍性且適用於所有個人或實體,無論其經紀商為誰。
 
10. OCR是否適用於非美國人士?
是的,如果您希望交易美國商品期貨產品,那麼您必須向我公司提供這些信息。
 
11. 盈透證券會如何處理此信息?
我們會根據盈透證券集團隱私聲明對數據進行保密。詳情請見: https://individuals.interactivebrokers.com/en/index.php?f=ibgStrength&p=priv
 
12. 本人是否可以分多次輸入OCR信息?
很抱歉,您必須一次性輸入所有信息,因為系統不提供輸入部分信息並進行保存的功能。如果您並非一次性輸入所有需要填寫的OCR信息,那麼再次輸入信息時您需要從頭填寫。
 
13. 國外經紀商是否會受OCR影響?
會的,作為國外經紀商,您必須:
a) 確保IB拿到您交易美國商品期貨產品的所有客戶其OCR信息,或
b) 您自己代表客戶提交OCR信息
 
14. 本人可從何處獲取更多信息?
您可以從CFTC網站獲取完整版的條例變更:
www.cftc.gov/ucm/groups/public/@newsroom/documents/file/federalregister062812.pdf
 

CFTC Ownership and Control Reporting

The Commodities Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) has historically maintained rules which require FCMs to report information relating to clients holding positions equal to or exceeding defined thresholds (e.g., Large Trader Reporting).  In November 2013, the CFTC adopted a new rule which expands the prior reporting rules and which requires the collection and reporting of more comprehensive information on owners and controllers of accounts trading U.S. commodity futures products.  This new rule is referred to as Ownership and Control Reporting (OCR) and outlined below are a series of FAQs relating to this rule. 

1. Who must provide CFTC OCR information?
In order to comply with the requirement that any account meeting the position or volume thresholds be reported to the CFTC by 09:00 ET on the day following the day in which the account becomes reportable, IB requires that all accounts trading U.S. commodity futures products provide the requested information.
 
2. What information must be provided?
The following information is required of all Owners and Controllers of an account:
• Name
• Street Address
• Email Address
• Direct Phone Number, Including Country Code
 
The following details are also required for owners and controllers that are legal entities:
• Legal Entity Identifier (LEI), If Applicable
• Contact Person Details:
o Name
o Job Title
o Relationship to Legal Entity
o Direct Phone Number, Including Country Code
 
The following details are also required for all individuals who are “Account Controllers”:
• Individual’s Relationship to Account Owner
• Individual’s Job Title
• Name of Individual’s Employer
• Employer’s Legal Entity Identifier (LEI), If Applicable
 
3. Who is an "Account Owner" for the purposes of OCR?
An "Account Owner" includes any individual or legal entity who holds a direct ownership interest in the trading account.

4. Who is an "Account Controller" for the purposes of OCR?
The CFTC defines an “Account Controller” as “a natural person who by power of attorney or otherwise actually directs the trading of an account. A trading account may have more than one controller.”
This definition can be found at 17 C.F.R. § 15.00(bb).
 
5. What is the "Head of Desk" option?
As noted above, you must provide full OCR information for all Owners and Controllers of your account. Unless you indicate otherwise, IB presumes that every active TWS user on your account is an Account Controller for CFTC OCR purposes.
 
Your institution may have a "Head of Desk" who directs the trading of your institution's trading account, with the other traders simply acting under this individual's direction.  If this is the case, you can identify the "head of desk" using the Account Management OCR interface, in which case "Account Controller" information will only be required for that individual.
 
6. What is a Legal Entity Identifier (LEI)?
An LEI is a unique 20 -digit alphanumeric code associated with a single organization and which is intended to be recognized universally across regulatory agencies and jurisdictions.
-If any of the Account Owners or Controllers of your account have LEIs, you must provide the LEIs;
-If an Account Owner or Controller of your account does not have an LEI, you can select "non applicable".
 
DTC, in collaboration with SWIFT, operate as the local (U.S.) source provider of LEIs and maintains a website (www.gmeiutility.org) for the assignment of new and search of existing LEIs.
 
7. What is a National Futures Association (NFA) ID?
A number which the National Futures Organization assigns to each registrant (e.g., firms and individuals such as Commodity Trading Advisors and Commodity Pool Operators). The NFA maintains an Online Registration System (ORS) through which registration and assignment of the ID is provided. See www.nfa.futures.org
 
8. How do I know if my employer has an LEI or NFA ID?
You may ask your employer to provide you with this information or search one of the following websies:
 
LEI searches may be performed via the following DTC website: www.gmeiutility.org. Searches may be conducted by the entity's registered legal name or address.
 
NFA ID searches may be performed via the following NFA webpage: www.nfa.futures.org/basicnet/welcome.aspx . Searches may be conducted by entering a firm name, individual name or pool name.
 
9. Why must I provide this information?
U.S. federal regulations require all FCMs, including IB, to obtain this information from its clients. The requirement is universal and applies to any individual or entity regardless of their broker.
 
10. Does OCR apply to non-U.S. persons?
Yes, if you wish to trade U.S. commodity futures products, we must collect this information from you.
 
11. How will Interactive Brokers treat this information?
This data will be kept confidential in accordance with the Interactive Brokers Group Privacy Statement. See link for details: https://individuals.interactivebrokers.com/en/index.php?f=ibgStrength&p=priv
 
12. Can I enter the OCR information in multiple sessions?
Unfortunately, all data must be entered within a single session and partial entry and a save option is not available. If you do not enter all required OCR information in a single session, you will need to start all over and reenter it in your next session.
 
13. Are foreign brokers subject to OCR?
Yes. As a foreign broker you must either:
a) Ensure that IB has OCR information for all of your customers that trade U.S. commodity futures products; or
b) Perform your own OCR submissions on their behalf.
 
14. Where can I learn more?
The full text of this rule change is available on the CFTC website

 

滬港通

滬港通是一項互聯互通機制,香港和國際投資者可以通過香港聯交所(以下簡稱“SEHK”)及其清算所交易並清算上海證券交易所(以下簡稱“SSE”)的上市股票。盈透作為SEHK會員,您可通過盈透快速穩定地訪問SSE並交易其上市產品。當前所有具備香港股票交易許可的盈透客戶均可通過滬港通交易SSE的證券。

 

通過滬港通交易的產品類型

SSE擁有不同類型的掛牌證券,但滬港通初始階段只能交易A(在中國證券交易所交易的大陸公司股票)。這包括所有上證180指數與上證380指數的成分股,以及雖不在相關指數成分股內但有股票同時在SSE以及SEHK上市的H股。

點擊此處查看產品列表和股票代碼:

 

在IB交易SSE證券的傭金

與交易港股的佣金相同,IB只向客戶收取交易額的0.08%作為佣金費用,每筆定單的最低佣金為15元人民幣。交易所要求的交易所費用、清算費用和印花稅將另行徵收。費率詳情于下方列出。您還可在我公司網站查看固定式傭金結構與階梯式傭金結構的對比情況。

交易所費用、清算費用以及印花稅

固定式和階梯式佣金結構對比

 

清算和結算週期

股票于當天結算(T),而SSE交易的現金結算于1日后進行(T+1)。請注意,外匯結算週期為(T+2)。因此,由於結算週期不同步,交易離岸人民幣的客戶應于股票交易的前一日(T-1)執行外匯交易,以避免不必要的利息。

 

SSE交易時段(香港時間)

交易時段

SSE交易時間

開盤集合競價

09:15 – 09:25

連續競價(上午)

09:30 – 11:30

連續競價(下午)

13:00 – 15:00

09:20 – 09:25:SSE不受理取消定單的請求

 

限價

SSE證券的限價範圍為在前一日收盤價的基礎上上下波動10%(特殊的股票可上下波動5%)。所有定單必須在限價範圍之內(包括限價)。價格上限和下限當日保持不變。

請注意,SEHK擬於滬港通初始階段將動態價格檢查定為3%(該數值可能偶爾會被調整) 

 

投資額度

滬港通設有跨境投資額度上限(即總額度)和每日額度。SSE的投資總額度為3000億元,每日額度為130億元。二者按“凈買入”來計算。據此,SSE賣盤額度無限制,客戶可隨意賣出其SSE股票。一旦每日額度在連續競價期間跌破0,交易所將不再接受任何買單。IB會在額度用盡時通知客戶。SEHK也將在其網站上發佈總額度和每日額度的余額。

 

定單限制

對於SSE股票而言,僅限價單(SSE限價單可以特定或更好的價格成交)可全天候自由下單。於此同時,所有SSE股票的每手交易單位統一為100股。買單的股票數量必須為每手交易單位的倍數;賣單則可接受零星股。不允許定單修改。如果您想修改定單,必須先取消定單,并在成功取消后重新下單。

 

其他應該注意的交易限制

a)       大陸的A股市場不能進行日內交易。因此,購買SSE證券的香港和海外投資者只能在T+1當天或之後賣出股票。

b)       SSE股票沒有大宗交易機制。

c)        滬港通初始階段,SSE股票不能進行賣空交易。

d)       滬港通初始階段,IB不提供保證金交易。

 

 

如果您對滬港通有更多疑問,請聯繫IB客戶服務獲取進一步的信息。

電話: +852-2156-7907 / +86(21)6086 8586

郵件: cnhelp@interactivebrokers.com


 

 

Shanghai – Hong Kong Stock Connect

Shanghai – Hong Kong Stock Connect is a mutual market access program through which Hong Kong and international investors can trade shares listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) via the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong (SEHK) and their existing clearing house. As a member of SEHK, IB provides you with direct access to SSE and help you to trade with all listed products on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. All current IB clients with Hong Kong stock trading permissions will be eligible to trade SSE securities through Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect.

 
Shanghai – Hong Kong Stock Connect Products
Among the different types of SSE-listed securities, only A shares (shares in mainland China-based companies that trade on Chinese stock exchange) will be included in the initial stage of the Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect implementation. This includes all the constituent stocks of the SSE 180 Index, SSE 380 Index and all the SSE-listed A shares that are not included as constituent stocks of the relevant indices but have corresponding H shares listed on the SEHK.
Click here to see the product list and stock codes:
 
 
IB commission for trading SSE securities
Same as trading Hong Kong stocks, IB charges only 0.08% of trade value as a commission with a minimum CNH 15 per order. Exchange fees, clearing fees and stamp duty are required by the exchange and will be changed separately. The detailed fee rate can be find below. Comparison between fixed and tiered commission structures can also be found on our website.   
 
 
Clearing and settlement cycle
Stock settlement is within the same day (T) while cash settlement for SSE trades takes place one day later (T+1). Please be aware that the Forex settlement cycle is (T+2). Therefore, due to the unsynchronized settlement cycle, clients who exchange CNH themselves should execute the Forex trade one day prior to the stock trade (T-1) to avoid the extra day’s interest payment.
 
 
Trading hours for SSE (Hong Kong Time)

Trading Session
SSE Trading Hours
Opening Call Auction
09:15 – 09:25
Continuous Auction (Morning)
09:30 – 11:30
Continuous Auction (Afternoon)
13:00 – 15:00

09:20 – 09:25: SSE will not accept order cancellation

 
Trading price limit
For SSE securities, there is a general price limit of +/-10% (+/-5% for stocks under special treatment) based on the previous day closing price. All orders must be at or within the price limit. The upper and lower price limit will remain the same intra-day.
Please also note that during the initial phase of the launch, SEHK intends to set the dynamic price checking at 3% (the percentage maybe adjusted periodically).
 
 
Investment quota
Shanghai - Hong Kong Stock Connect is subject to a maximum cross-boundary investment quota (i.e. Aggregate Quota) and a daily Quota. The Aggregate Quota and Daily Quota through SSE is set at RMB 300 billion and RMB 13 billion respectively. Both the Aggregate Quota and Daily Quota are applied on a “net buy” basis. Under this principle, customers are allowed to sell their SSE securities regardless of the quota balance. Once the Daily Quota drops to zero or is exceeded during a continuous auction session, NO further buy orders will be accepted. IB will inform clients once the quota limitation is reached. SEHK will also publish the remaining balance of the Aggregate Quota and Daily Quota on the website.
 
 
Order limitation
For SSE securities, only limit orders (SSE limit orders can be matched at the specified or better price) will be accepted throughout the day. Meanwhile, all SSE securities are subject to the same trading board size, which is 100 shares. Buy orders must be multiples of a board lot; odd lot trading is only available for sell orders. Order amendment is NOT allowed. If you want to amend the order, you must cancel the order first and place a new order after the previous one is successfully cancelled.
 
 
Other trading limitations 
a)      Day trading is not allowed for the Mainland A shares market. Therefore HK and overseas investors buying SSE securities on day-T can only sell the shares on or after T+1.
b)      For SSE Securities, block trade facility will not be available.
c)       For SSE Securities, shorting is not allowed during the initial phase of the launch.
d)      IB will not be facilitating margin trading during the initial phase of the launch.
 
 
Where to learn more
Please refer to the following exchange website links for additional information regarding Shanghai – Hong Kong Stock Connect:
 
http://www.hkex.com.hk/eng/market/sec_tradinfra/chinaconnect/stockconnect.htm
http://www.hkex.com.hk/chi/market/sec_tradinfra/chinaconnect/stockconnec...
http://www.hkex.com.hk/chi/market/sec_tradinfra/chinaconnect/stockconnect_sc.htm
 
 
If you have any questions regarding Shanghai – Hong Kong Stock Connect, please contact IB customer service for further information. 
Tel: +852-2156-7907 / +86(21)6086 8586
Email: cnhelp@interactivebrokers.com

 

Foreign Acount Tax Compliance Act (FATCA)

What is FATCA?

The Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) represents the United States efforts to combat tax evasion and abuse by US persons holding investments outside of the United States.  The Act establishes a new set of tax information reporting and withholding procedures.  While not expressly aimed at non-US persons, the regulations do impose withholding taxes on certain non-US entities that decline to disclose their US investors or account holders.

Under FATCA, US persons must report to the US tax authority, Internal Revenue Service (IRS), their assets held in offshore accounts.  In addition, the regulations seek to require non-US financial institutions to report to the US tax authority certain information about financial accounts of US or US-owned investors and account holders.

 

How does this impact US Brokers, including Interactive Brokers?

As a broker based in the United States, Interactive Brokers is required to report information and make payment of withholding taxes to the IRS, for all of our customers.  FATCA simply creates additional practices and withholdings to the current requirements for all US brokers.

Interactive Brokers will comply with the new rules.  This may require additional disclosures by investors during the account application process, as well as expanded tax reporting.  For all US institutions, FATCA becomes effective January 1, 2013.  Any FATCA tax withholding requirements begin on January 1, 2014.

Additional aspects of the regulations will be phased-in over the next few years, including an expansion of US brokers reporting on US source income to non-US accounts through Form 1042-S.

 

What action is required for US persons?

No additional action is required for US persons holding Interactive Brokers accounts.   US persons, who include US citizens, Green Card holders and other legal residents,  need only to complete Form W-9 during the account application process to certify their tax status. 

 

Does FATCA affect non-US accounts?  

Yes.  FATCA requires foreign financial institutions (FFIs) to furnish certain data directly to the IRS about any of their US taxpayer accounts or foreign entity accounts in which US taxpayers hold a certain level of ownership.  FFI compliance with the new regulations becomes effective July 1, 2013 with the submission of electronic FFI applications to the IRS.  The application forms are scheduled to be available through the IRS in January 2013.

All non-US persons and entities applying for and maintaining Interactive Broker accounts will continue to be  required to fully disclose and indentify the identity of their account's beneficial owner(s).  Through the IRS Form W-8, our account holders certify the beneficial owner's country of tax residence.  If you fail to provide a Form W-8, or do not resubmit a new W-8 when prompted upon the three-year expiration, additional withholding will apply.

Some entities not ordinarily considered to be financial institutions may be categorized under FATCA as an FFI.  Therefore, it is important to review the details outlined by the IRS.

 

Is there a summary of FFI requirements? 

While the regulations and compliance are far more complex than a brief FAQ can describe, the following offers a short summary of actions required by those defined foreign financial institutions.

  • Identify US taxpayers.  If US taxpayers refuse to waive your non-US country's privacy or secrecy rules, then the US taxpayer account must be closed.
  • Report to the IRS on the related US taxpayer activity within defined financial accounts.
  • Withhold 30% US tax on US source income against any US taxpayer or foreign entity failing to disclose information or comply with the FATCA regulations.

 

Additional Information & Resources

The IRS remains the most comprehensive and up-to-date resource about FATCA compliance, implementation, and document filing.  The IRS continues to issue news releases and forms.  Please feel free to visit the IRS FATCA Website for details. 

 

IRS Circular 230 Notice: These statements are provided for information purposes only, are not intended to constitute tax advice which may be relied upon to avoid penalties under any federal, state, local or other tax statutes or regulations, and do not resolve any tax issues in your favor.

IRA: Retirement Account Resource Center

IMPORTANT NOTE: This article has been customized for use by self-directed Individual Retirement Account (IRA) owners for information purposes only.  Persons are encouraged to consult a qualified tax professional with the investments and elections within the IRA.   IB does not provide tax advice.  For detailed information regarding IRAs, you may consult the IRS Publication 590-A about IRA contributions and the IRS Publication 590-B about IRA distributions.

This resource center provides a central reference point for information concerning the various IRA account types offered by IB. 

Important Notice - Select IRA Tax Reporting for key information with transaction and tax reporting in your IRA.

 

Account Management IRA Reference

Account Management IRA Tab

Beneficiary Options

Charitable Distributions

Conversions to a Roth IRA

Direct Rollovers - How & When

Frequently Asked Questions

Recharacterizations from a Roth IRA

Required Minimum Distributions

Rollover Rules & Conditions

Understanding Tax Forms

 

 

 IRS Circular 230 Notice: These statements are provided for information purposes only, are not intended to constitute tax advice which may be relied upon to avoid penalties under any federal, state, local or other tax statutes or regulations, and do not resolve any tax issues in your favor.

How to send documents to IB using your smartphone

Overview: 

Interactive Brokers allows you to send us a copy of a document even if you do not currently have access to a scanner. You can take a picture of the requested document with your smartphone.

Below you will find the instructions on how to take a picture and send it to IB per email with the fllowing smartphone operating systems:

iOS (iPhone)

Android (i.e. Samsung Galaxy, HTC One X, Sony Xperia, Motorola Droid)

Windows Phone (i.e. Nokia Lumia, HTC Titan, Samsung Focus)

 If you already know how to do so, please consult the instructions about the information you will need to send us aside from the document picture. Click HERE - Where to send the email to and what to include in the subject.

iOS
1. Press the power button to turn your iPhone screen on. Tap, hold and slide upwards the
Camera icon on the bottom right of your screen then drag it upwards to access the Camera.

slide up from the lock screen to take a picture

- If you do not have the Camera icon, you may access the Camera app from the home screen
of your iPhone.
2. Place your iPhone above the document and take the desired portion or page of the document
and tap on the Camera button (designated with 1 on the below illustration - Fig. 3) to take a
photo. Then you need to access the picture - tap the image in the lower left-hand corner (number 2 in the
illustration)

Tap here to take a picture

3. Exit to the home screen by pressing the round Home button on the face of the iPhone.
4. Open the Photos app
5. Next, tap the album ‘Camera Roll’. Make sure that the picture is clear and the document
is well legible, if it isn’t, please repeat the previous two steps.
6. Touch once the picture to make the menus appear and tap the share icon
designated with 1 in the illustration below.

Share button iOS

5. Select the first option - Email Photo. Please consult the following instructions for the next step - what address you should send the picture to and what else to include aside from the document, HERE.
Note: to send emails your phone has to be configured for that. Please contact your email
provider if you are not familiar with this procedure.


Android
1. Open your applications list and start the camera app. Depending on your phone model, make or setup it might be called differently.
2. Place your phone over the document and take the desired portion or page of the document and
tap the icon for the camera. (The generic button will look like the one shown below.)

Tap to take a picture
3. Press the Home key to go back to the idle screen. Go back to the apps list and start the Gallery
application. On some phones it may be called Pictures or Photos.
4. Open the album called Camera or All pictures. The last image in either of those should be the
document you just took a picture of. Tap the screen once to bring up the buttons and tap the share
icon, which generically should look as shown below.

Share on Android
5. In the sharing menu that will be displayed now tap on Email. Please consult the following instructions for the next step - what address you should send the picture to and what else to include aside from the document, HERE.
Note: to send emails your phone has to be configured for that. Please contact your email
provider if you are not familiar with this procedure.

Send per email

 

Windows Phone
1. Press the camera button in the Desktop menu of Windows phone. (If you do
not see the camera in the desktop menu, please scroll to the right and choose
camera in the listed applications)
2. Take a picture by pressing the trigger button on the side of the phone.
3. Open the picture by scrolling to the left and press the ‘...’ menu item
at the bottom task bar to see the available options.
4. Please choose send and the configured Email account you would like to use.
5. In the upcoming email, please add the destination email address, the
subject and the text you would like to send and press the ‘Send email’ button in
the bottom menu. Please consult the following instructions for the next step - what address you should send the picture to and what else to include aside from the document, HERE.
Note: to send emails your phone has to be configured for that. Please contact your email
provider if you are not familiar with this procedure.


WHERE TO SEND THE EMAIL AND WHAT TO INCLUDE IN THE SUBJECT
The email has to be created observing the below instructions:
1. In the ‘To:’ field type...
a. newaccounts@interactivebrokers.com if your you are a resident of a non-European country
b. newaccounts.uk@interactivebrokers.co.uk if you are a European resident
2. The subject field must contain all of the below:
a. Your account number (it usually has the format Uxxxxxxx, where x are numbers) or your
username
b. The purpose of sending the document. Please use the below convention:
i. PoRes for a proof of residential address
ii. PID for a proof of identity

Stock Yield Enhancement Program FAQs

What is the purpose of the Stock Yield Enhancement Program?
The Stock Yield Enhancement program provides customers with the opportunity to earn additional income on securities positions which would otherwise be segregated (i.e., fully-paid and excess margin securities) by permitting IBKR to lend out those securities to third parties. Customers who participate in the program will receive cash collateral to secure the return of the stock loan at its termination as well as interest on the cash collateral provided by the borrower for any day the loan exists.

 

What are fully-paid and excess margin securities?
Fully-paid securities are securities in a customer’s account that have been completely paid for. Excess margin securities are securities that have not been completely paid for, but whose market value exceeds 140% of the customer’s margin debit balance.

 

How is the income received by a customer on any given Stock Yield Enhancement Program loan transaction determined?
The income which a customer receives in exchange for shares lent depend upon loan rates established in the over-the-counter securities lending market. These rates can vary significantly not only by the particular security loaned but also by the loan date. In general, IBKR pays interest to participants on their cash collateral at a rate that approximates 50% of the amounts earned by IBKR for lending the shares. . For example, assume IBKR earns 15% annualized income from lending shares with a value of $10,000 and it posts $10,000 cash collateral to a participant’s account. The normal daily interest rate IB would pay to a participant on the cash collateral would be $2.08

 

How is the amount of cash collateral for a given loan determined?
The cash collateral underlying the security loan and used for determining interest payments is determined using standard industry convention whereby the closing price of the stock is multiplied by 102% and then rounded up to the nearest whole dollar. For example, a loan of 100 shares of a stock which closes at $59.24 would be equal to $6,100 ($59.24 * 1.02 = $60.4248; round to $61, multiply by 100).

 

How do long sales, transfers of securities lent via the IBKR Stock Yield Enhancement Program or un-enrollment affect interest?

Interest ceases to accrue on the next business day after the trade date (T+1). Interest also ceases to accrue on the next business day after the transfer input or un-enrollment date.

 

What are the eligibility requirements for participation in the IBKR Stock Yield Enhancement Program?
All IB LLC, IB UK, IB HK, and IB Canada margin accounts or IB LLC, IB UK (excluding SIPP accounts), IB HK and IB Canada cash accounts with equity over $50,000 at the time of application are eligible. IB Japan, IB Australia and IB India customers are not eligible. Japanese and Indian clients maintaining accounts with IB LLC are eligible.


In addition, Financial Advisor client accounts, fully disclosed IBroker clients and Omnibus Brokers who meet the above requirements can participate. In the case of Financial Advisors and fully disclosed IBrokers, the clients themselves must sign the agreements. For Omnibus Brokers, the broker signs the agreement.

 

Are IRA accounts eligible to participate in the Stock Yield Enhancement Program?
Yes.

 

Are partitions of IRA accounts managed by Interactive Brokers Asset Management eligible to participate in the Stock Yield Enhancement Program?
No.

 

Are UK SIPP accounts eligible to participate in the Stock Yield Enhancement Program?
No.

 

How do I enroll in the IBKR Stock Yield Enhancement Program?
Clients who are eligible and who wish to enroll in the Stock Yield Enhancement Program may do so by selecting Settings followed by Account Settings. Click the gear icon next to the words Trading Permissions. Check the box at the top of the page under Trading Programs that says Stock Yield Enhancement. Click CONTINUE and fill out any required agreements/disclosures.

 

What happens if equity in a participating cash account falls below the $50,000 qualifying threshold?
The cash account must meet this minimum equity requirement solely at the point of signing up for the program. If the equity falls below that level thereafter there is no impact upon existing loans or the ability to initiate new loans.

 

How does one terminate Stock Yield Enhancement Program participation?

Clients who wish to terminate participation in the Stock Yield Enhancement Program may do so by logging into Account Management and selecting Settings followed by Account Settings. Click the gear icon next to the words Trading Permissions. Remove the check from the box in the Trading Programs section titled Stock Yield Enhancement Program". Click CONTINUE and fill out any required agreements/disclosures. Requests to terminate are typically processed at the end of the day.

 

If an account signs up and un-enrolls at a later time, when can it be re-enrolled into the program?
After un-enrollment, the account may not re-enroll for 90 calendar days.

 

What types of securities positions are eligible to be lent?
Eligible securities include U.S. common stocks (exchange listed, PINK and OTCBB) and Canadian common stocks (exchange listed), ETFs, preferred stocks and corporate bonds. Municipal bonds, non-U.S. and non-Canadian securities are not eligible.

 

Is there any restriction on lending stocks which are trading in the secondary market following an IPO?
No, as long as IBKR is not part of the selling group.

 

How does IBKR determine the amount of shares which are eligible to be loaned?
The first step is to determine the value of securities, if any, which IBKR maintains a margin lien upon and can lend without client participation in the Stock Yield Enhancement Program. A broker who finances client purchases of securities via margin loan is allowed by regulation to loan or pledge as collateral that client’s securities in an amount up to 140% of the cash debit balance. For example, if a client maintaining a cash balance of $50,000 buys securities having a market value of $100,000, the debit or loan balance will be $50,000 and the broker holds a lien on 140% of that balance or $70,000 of securities. Any securities held by the client in excess of that amount are referred to as excess margin securities ($30,000 in this example) and are required to be segregated unless the client provides IB the authorization to lend through the Stock Yield Enhancement Program.

The debit balance is determined by first converting all non-USD denominated cash balances to USD and then backing out any short stock sale proceeds (converted to USD as necessary). If the result is negative then we free up 140% of that negative number. In addition, cash balances maintained in the commodities segment or for spot metals and CFDs are not considered.

EXAMPLE 1: Customer is long EUR 100,000 in a USD Base Currency account with a EUR.USD rate of 1.40. Customer purchases USD denominated stock valued at $112,000 (EUR 80,000 equivalent). All securities are deemed fully-paid as cash balance as converted to USD is a credit.

Component EUR USD Base (USD)
Cash 100,000 (112,000) $28,000
Long Stock   $112,000 $112,000
NLV     $140,000

EXAMPLE 2: Customer holds long USD of 80,000, long USD denominated stock of $100,000 and short USD denominated stock of $100,000. Long securities totaling $28,000 are deemed margin securities and the remainder of $72,000 excess margin securities. This is determined by subtracting the short stock proceeds from the cash balance ($80,000 - $100,000) and multiplying the resultant debit by 140% ($20,000 * 1.4 = $28,000)

Component Base (USD)
Cash $80,000
Long Stock $100,000
Short Stock ($100,000)
NLV $80,000

 

Will IBKR lend out all eligible shares?
There is no guarantee that all eligible shares in a given account will be loaned through the Stock Yield Enhancement Program as there may not be a market at an advantageous rate for certain securities, IBKR may not have access to a market with willing borrowers or IBKR may not want to loan your shares.

 

Are Stock Yield Enhancement Program loans made only in increments of 100?
No. Loans can be made in any whole share amount although externally we only lend in multiples of 100 shares. Thus the possibility exists that we would lend 75 shares from one client and 25 from another should there be external demand to borrow 100 shares.

 

How are loans allocated among clients when the supply of shares available to lend exceeds the borrow demand?
In the event that the demand for borrowing a given security is less than the supply of shares available to lend from participants in our Yield Enhancement Program, loans will be allocated on a pro rata basis (e.g. if aggregate supply is 20,000 and demand is 10,000, each client will be eligible to have 50% of his/her shares lent)

 

Are shares loaned only to other IBKR clients or to other third parties?
Shares may be loaned to any counterparty and is not limited solely to other IBKR clients.

 

Can the Stock Yield Enhancement Program participant determine which shares IBKR can lend?
No. The program is entirely managed by IBKR who, after determining those securities, if any, which IBKR is authorized to lend by virtue of a margin loan lien, has the discretion to determine whether any of the fully-paid or excess margin securities can be loaned out and to initiate the loans.

 

Are there any restrictions placed upon the sale of securities which have been lent through the Stock Yield Enhancement Program?
Loaned shares may be sold at any time, without restriction. The shares do not need to be returned in time to settle your sale of the share and proceeds from the sale are credited to the client’s account on the normal settlement date. In addition, the loan will be terminated on the open of the business day following the security sale date.

 

Can a client write covered calls against stock which has been loaned out through the Stock Yield Enhancement Program and receive the covered call margin treatment?
Yes. A loan of stock has no impact upon its margin requirement on an uncovered or hedged basis since the lender retains exposure to any gains or losses associated with the loaned position.

 

What happens to stock which is the subject of a loan and which is subsequently delivered against a call assignment or put exercise?
The loan will be terminated on T+1 of the action (trade, assignment, exercise) which closed or decreased the position.

 

What happens to stock which is the subject of a loan and which is subsequently halted from trading?
A halt has no direct impact upon the ability to lend the stock and as long as IBKR can continue to loan the stock, such loan will remain in place regardless of whether the stock is halted.

 

Can the cash collateral from a loan be swept to the commodities segment to cover margin and/or variation?
No. The cash collateral securing the loan never impacts margin or financing.

 

What happens if a program participant initiates a margin loan or increases an existing loan balance?
If a client maintains fully-paid securities which have been loaned through the Stock Yield Enhancement Program and subsequently initiates a margin loan, the loan will be terminated to the extent that the securities do not qualify as excess margin securities. Similarly, if a client maintaining excess margin securities which have been loaned through the program increases the existing margin loan, the loan may again be terminated to the extent that the securities no longer qualify as excess margin securities.

 

Under what circumstances will a given stock loan be terminated?
In the event of any of the following, a stock loan will be automatically terminated:

- If the client elects to terminate program participation
- Transfer of shares
- Borrowing of a certain amount against the shares
- Sale of shares
- Call assignment/put exercise
- Account closure

 

Do participants in the Stock Yield Enhancement Program receive dividends on shares loaned?
Yes. Stock Yield Enhancement Program shares that are lent out are segregated and IBKR will pay the dividend and not payment in lieu (PIL).

 

Do participants in the Stock Yield Enhancement Program retain voting rights for shares loaned?

No. The borrower of the securities has the right to vote or provide any consent with respect to the securities if the Record Date or deadline for voting, providing consent or taking other action falls within the loan term.

 

Do participants in the Stock Yield Enhancement Program receive rights, warrants and spin-off shares on shares loaned?

Yes. The lender of the securities will receive any rights, warrants, spin-off shares and distributions made on loaned securities.

 

How are loans reflected on the activity statement?

Loan collateral, shares outstanding, activity and income is reflected in the following 6 statement sections:


1. Cash Detail – details starting cash collateral balance, net change resulting from loan activity (positive if new loans initiated; negative if net returns) and ending cash collateral balance.

 

2. Net Stock Position Summary – for each stock details total Shares at IBKR, the number of Shares Borrowed, the number of Shares Lent and the Net Shares (=Shares at IBKR + Shares Borrowed - Shares Lent). 

 

3. IB Managed Securities Lent – lists for each stock loaned through the Stock Yield Enhancement Program the Quantity of shares loaned, the Interest Rate (%). 

 

4. IB Managed Securities Lent Activity – details the loan activity for each security including Loan Return Allocations (i.e., terminated loans); New Loan Allocations (i.e., initiated loans); the share Quantity; the Net Interest Rate (%); Interest Rate on Customer Collateral (%) and the Collateral Amount. 

 

5. IB Managed Securities Lent Activity Interest Details – details on an individual loan basis including the Interest Rate Earned by IBKR (%); the Income Earned by IBKR (represents the total income IBKR earns from the loan which is equal to {Collateral Amount * Interest Rate}/360); the Interest Rate on Customer Collateral (represents about half of the income IB earns on the loan) and Interest Paid to Customer (represents the interest income earned on a client’s collateral)

Note: This section will only be displayed if the interest accrual earned by the client exceeds USD 1 for the statement period.   

 

6. Interest Accruals – the interest income is accounted for here as an interest accrual and is treated as any other interest accrual (aggregated but only displayed as an accrual when exceeding $1 and posted to cash monthly). For year-end reporting purposes, this interest income will be reported on Form 1099 issued to U.S. taxpayers.

 

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