EDD Requests for Information (RFI)


These FAQs are meant to serve as guidelines for answering customer questions with regard to recent communications that have been sent to a large number of IBKR account holders, requesting specific information. If there are further questions not addressed in this guide, please contact the EDD department.

Is this a legitimate email?
Yes; IBKR recently sent out communications to customers requesting that customers update specific data and documentation.
Why has the customer received this notification?
IBRK is conducting a routine review of our clients for the purpose of ensuring that we maintain accurate and up to date information and conduct due diligence on clients from places or of type that present heightened AML risk. As a regulated financial institution, we are required to “know our customers”, and this is part of that effort.
Is updating this information required?
Yes; all customers who have received a notification are required to provide the requested information.
What is Source of Wealth?
Source of Wealth means any way in which the customer has derived their wealth. Examples include employment income, business income, property sale, inheritance, etc. A client’s sources of wealth should add up to 100%.
What documents are acceptable to prove Source of Wealth?
The documents we provided include a list of what you can submit to confirm your source of wealth. Each source of wealth must be accompanied by supporting documentation (e.g., a bank statement for employment income, a bill of sale for property sale, etc.).
Why is beneficial ownership information required?
Under US regulations, we are required to collect information about an organization’s beneficial ownership. It is also part of our obligation to “know our customers.”
What is a beneficial owner? How is that different from a regular owner?
A beneficial owner refers to the actual people who ultimately own the entity. This differs from regular owners, who could be a combination of other businesses, trusts, custodians, etc. Under relevant regulations, we require any entity that is an account holder to identify any natural person who owns 10% or more of the entity. We then need to verify those peoples’ identities through identification verification documents and confirm their sources of wealth (see number 4).
Do I need to complete the Ultimate Beneficial Owner form if I indicated on the Certification of Beneficial Owners form that there are no 10%+ owners ?
No – you do not have to complete the Ultimate Beneficial Owner form if you have certified there are no 10%+ owners. 
What is a Wolfsberg Questionnaire?
The Wolfsberg Questionnaire is an Anti-Money Laundering (AML) Questionnaire designed by the Wolfsberg Group, which aims to provide a standardized overview of a financial institution's AML policies and practices.
*The form must be completed in its entirety and dated within the last 12 months.*
Why do I need to provide one?
The questionnaire is to help ensure that we know the organization implemented certain standards and practices associated with preventing money laundering, terrorist financing, and other financial crimes.
Note: If the business is a hedge fund, we are seeking a completed Wolfsberg Q from their fund manager/investment advisor.
Is there a link to the Wolfsberg Questionnaire form?
Yes, the blank form is available to download in Account Management – please review the document task. 
You can also download the form here: 
I am being asked to submit documentation regarding Fund Status. What documentation do I need to submit?
Please provide a proof of existence document for the fund, and proof of regulatory status for the fund manager and the fund administrator.
Why do I need to provide a Foreign Bank Certification?
Under the USA Patriot Act, any foreign bank that maintains a correspondent relationship with any US-based bank or broker/dealer must provide a foreign bank certification. 
*The form must be completed in its entirety and dated within the last 36 months.*
What is the purpose of a Foreign Bank Certification?
The purpose of the foreign bank certification is to help ensure that the bank is complying with all required US regulations with regards to money laundering, terrorist financing, and other financial crimes.


Shareholders Rights Directive II

On 3 September 2020, a new European Directive, the Shareholders Rights Directive II ("SRD II"), will enter into force introducing important regulatory changes for intermediaries. SRD II aims to encourage long-term shareholder engagement in European shares by introducing new requirements, including:

  • Obligations for all intermediaries in the chain of custody to provide shareholders information to issuers on demand and no later than the business day immediately following the date of receipt of the request;
  • Requirements for intermediaries to make available meeting announcements or any other information which an issuer is required to provide to shareholders to enable a shareholder to exercise its rights
  • Requirements for intermediaries to facilitate the ability of shareholders to participate in meetings by passing on a shareholder's participation instructions (for example a vote or request to attend the meeting), without delay.

Note that the Directive applies to any intermediary, whether based in the EEA or not. Accordingly, IBKR may in the future forward any request to provide shareholders information that IBKR may receive from issuers (or other appointed entities) whose share is owned through the IBKR accounts of an intermediary or their clients.

Upon receipt of these requests, intermediaries will be required to provide shareholders information directly to the issuers no later than the business day immediately following the date of receipt of the request.

Information to Disclose

  • Full name;
  • Contact details (address, email address);
  • Unique identifiers;
  • Number of shares held;
  • Category/classes of shares held (Only if explicitly requested);
  • Dates from which the shares are held (Only if explicitly requested);
  • Depository location;
  • Vote-eligible shares.

Requests Thresholds

Member states can establish that the right of the issuer to obtain the shareholders information is only effective with regard to holding of a minimum percentage of voting rights, which where set cannot exceed 0.5%.

Requests Handling

IBKR will send these requests in a standardised electronic format. Shareholders information shall be provided directly to the issuer (or other third party entity appointed) in the format prescribed by SRD II. We recommend that intermediaries review the Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018 1212, which details the regulatory formats.

IBKR has appointed a third party provider, Mediant, to facilitate the requests handling. To use their services, they can be contacted directly at SRDTabulations@mediantonline.com.

Alternatively, intermediaries should ensure that they have alternative ways to reply to these requests for information after 3 September 2020.

SFTR: Reporting to Trade Repository Obligations and Interactive Brokers Delegated Service to help meet your obligations

Background: Securities Financing Transactions Regulation (“SFTR”) is a European regulation aimed at mitigating the risk of shadow banking. SFT's have been identified as being one of the central causes of the financial crisis and during and post crisis, regulators have struggled with anticipating the risks associated with securities financing. This led to the introduction of a reporting requirement for these SFTs.

Transactions that are reportable under SFTR: Repurchase agreements (repos), stock loans, margin loans, sell/buy-back transactions and collateral management transactions.

Whom do SFTR reporting obligations apply to: Reporting obligations normally apply to all clients established in the EU with the exception of natural persons. They apply to:

  • Financial counterparties ("FC"): include investment firms, credit institutions, insurance and reinsurance undertakings, UCITS and UCITS management companies, Alternative Investment Fund managed by an AIFM authorised under the Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive ("AIFMD"), institutions for occupational retirement provision, central counterparties and central securities depositories.
  • Non-Financial Counterparty ("NFC"): Undertakings established in the Union or in a third country that do not fall under the definition of financial counterparty.
  • Small Non- Financial Counterparty ("NFC-"): A small non-financial counterparty is one which does not exceed the limits of at least two of three criteria: a balance sheet total of EUR 20m, net turnover of EUR 40m, and average number of 250 employees during the financial year. Under SFTR, small NFC's reporting obligations are automatically delegated to the financial counterparty with which they execute an SFT.

What must be reported?
The types of SFTs in scope of the requirements include:

Transaction level reporting:

  • Securities and commodities lending / borrowing transactions
  • Buy-sell backs / sell-buy backs
  • Repo transactions

Position Level reporting:

  • Margin lending

In-scope entities will be required to report details of an SFT which is in scope if that SFT:

  • is concluded after the date on which the Regulatory Technical Standards apply to the entity
  • has a remaining maturity of over 180 days on the date on which the RTS apply to the entity
  • is an open / rolling transaction that has been outstanding for more than 180 days on the date on which the RTS apply to the entity

When must it be reported?
SFTR is a two-sided reporting requirement, with both collateral provider (borrower) and collateral receiver (lender) required to report their side of the SFT to an approved Trade Repository on trade date +1 (T+1).

All new SFTs, modifications of open SFT’s and terminations of existing SFTs must be reported daily. Collateral is reported on T+1 or value date +1 (S+1) dependent on the method of collateralisation used.

What do reports include?
Reporting will be done using a combination of 153 fields, depending on product and report type.

  • 18 counterparty data fields - which includes information about the counterparty such as LEI and country of legal residence.
  • 99 Transaction fields – which includes the loan and collateral data information on the type of SFT which has been involved in the transaction
  • 20 Margin fields – which includes information on margin such as the portfolio code and currency.
  • 18 Reuse fields – which includes cash reinvestment and funding source data

What must match between reports?
The SFTR reporting format includes 153 reportable fields, some of which must match between reports of the two counterparties. There will be two phases of the trade repositories’ reconciliation process, with the first phase consisting of 62 matching fields which are required for the initial SFTR implementation. A second phase, starting 2 years after the start of the reporting obligation, will contain another 34 fields which are required to match, bringing the total number of matching fields to 96.

In this context, it is particularly important that the globally unique transaction identifier - a UTI, be used and shared between the parties to the trade. The parties should agree who is to generate the UTI. If no such agreement is in place, the regulation describes a waterfall model for who would be the generating party. The generating party is obligated to share the UTI with the counterpart in an electronic format in a timely manner for both parties to be able to fulfil their T+1 reporting obligation.


FCs, NFCs and NFC-s must report details of their transactions to authorised Trade Repositories. This obligation can be discharged directly through a Trade Repository, or by delegating the operational aspects of reporting to the counterparty or a third party (who submits reports on their behalf).

As mentioned above, when executing an SFT with an FC, an NFC- does not have to submit relevant reports, as these are submitted by the FC on the NFC-‘s behalf.
However, NFC-s who do not execute SFTs with an FC are required to submit reports.
Depending on the different setups available, Interactive Brokers clients’ may not be executing an SFT with an FC, and therefore Interactive Brokers offers a delegated reporting service, to ensure its clients can report all SFTs they execute.

As mentioned above, SFTR reports submitted by the two counterparties of an SFT must contain the same UTI. To ensure this requirement is satisfied, Interactive Brokers suggests that all of its clients in scope delegate reporting to Interactive Brokers.
Interactive Brokers will take care of generating matching UTIs when submitting its own reports and those of its clients on whose behalf it submits reports.

Validating Explicit Permissions - The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) have introduced a mandate whereby trade repositories need to confirm a delegated reporting agreement is in place between the two parties before accepting and sending on any reports to the regulator. Due to this, the Trade Repository that Interactive Brokers works with - UnaVista, has introduced a process to collect this information. As a client of Interactive Brokers, if you opt for delegated reporting, this mandate will apply.

UnaVista will collect this information by sending clients an email asking for confirmation from the client that they have delegated their SFTR reporting to Interactive Brokers. – This will be a one-time process for each client. Once confirmed, UnaVista will accept the reports and send them onto the regulator.

Securities Financing Transactions: Currently, Interactive Brokers clients can execute two types of SFTs: margin lending and stock loans. SFTR also requires reporting information on funding sources and collateral reuse.

Trade repository Interactive Brokers use: Interactive Brokers (U.K.) Limited will use the services of Unavista Trade Repository which is part of the London Stock Exchange Group PLC ("LSEG"), based in the United Kingdom.

Timetable to report to Trade repositories: The reporting start date is 13 July 2020:
July 2020: Report Phase 1 – July 13 2020 reporting go-live for banks, investment firms & Credit Institutions and CCPs & CSDs
Oct 2020: Report Phase 2 - Insurance, UCITS, AIF & Pensions
Jan 2021: Report phase 3 - Reporting go-live for Non-Financial Companies


IBKR Australia Short Position Reporting


You can request IBKR Australia perform your Australian short position reporting obligations on your behalf.

What is a short position?

A short position arises where the quantity of an eligible product that you hold is less than the quantity of the eligible product that you have an obligation to deliver, such as when you engaged in short selling an ASX-listed security and borrowed securities from IBKR to cover your delivery obligation.

When do I have a reporting obligation?

Short sellers have an obligation to report certain short positions to the Australian Securities & Investments Commission (ASIC). Reporting on short positions that are below the thresholds set by ASIC is optional. A short position does not need to be reported to ASIC when:

  • The value of the position is AUD 100,000 or less; and
  • The position is 0.01% or less of the total quantity of securities or products on issue for that security or product.

Otherwise, the short position must be reported.

The following table provides a convenient summary of when a short position must be reported (“Reportable Short Position”):

What you need to know about short position reporting:

It is important that any clients trading or wishing to trade eligible products understand that they may have an obligation to report their Reportable Short Positions to ASIC daily.

This obligation applies to any short sellers with a Reportable Short Position under the rules whether inside or outside of Australia. By default, IBKR Australia does not report Reportable Short Positions on your behalf, so you must arrange for the reporting of your short positions (if required).

IBKR Australia, along with many third-party firms, can provide this service to you subject to applicable terms and conditions.

If you would like IBKR Australia to perform your short position reporting for eligible products held in your IBKR account, please enrol in the service via Client Portal. Currently, this service is offered at no additional cost to IBKR Australia clients.

Please note:

  • If your account does not allow shorting of securities, there is no need to sign up for this service.
  • IBKR Australia will only offer the option to report all short positions and not only your Reportable Short Positions.

If you enroll in the IBKR short position reporting service:

  • You must not hold any other eligible products with any other bank, broker or custodian because our systems use the positions in your IBKR account to determine whether you have a reportable short position. We cannot accurately calculate your short position if you hold eligible positions elsewhere.
  • You must ensure that the information you provide us is complete and accurate in all respects, as we are required to provide ASIC with certain personal information about you.
  • The obligation to report your short positions is always yours and is not transferred to IBKR under any circumstance (i.e. IBKR does not become responsible for your short position reporting obligations);
  • If, for any reason, we are unable to report your short positions to ASIC before the deadline or at all, we will endeavour to inform you as early as possible so that you can make alternative arrangements. However, we make no warranties that you will receive the notification prior to the reporting deadline.

How do I apply?

To apply, all you need to do is log in to your account via the Client Portal, navigate to the Settings > Account Settings menu, click on the “ASIC Short Position Reporting” icon and follow the prompts.

As part of this process, you will need a unique identifier. For Australian applicants, this can be your ACN or ARBN. For overseas clients this can be your SWIFT BIC. Alternatively, you may register with ASIC to obtain a unique identity code.

Upon electing IBKR Australia to perform this short position reporting obligation on your behalf, you must warrant that the reportable short positions held with IBKR Australia represent your entire portfolio in applicable Reportable Short Positions and acknowledge that IBKR Australia will rely on this representation and warranty in good faith on each occasion that it makes a short position report to ASIC on your behalf.

Where can I get more information?

Clients seeking more information on their short position reporting obligations should refer to the following resources:

  • ASIC Regulatory Guide 196, which contains an overview of the applicable short selling rules and disclosure requirements.
  • ASIC Info Sheet 98, which provides an overview of how to submit short position reports to ASIC via FIX and a list of vendors who may be able to assist you with your short position reporting obligations if you don’t elect to enrol in the IBKR short position reporting service.


Presentación de los productos empaquetados o basados en seguros

En 2018 entró en vigor un reglamento europeo que tiene por objeto la protección de los clientes "minoristas" por medio de la divulgación de información adecuada en el momento de comprar determinados productos. Este reglamento, conocido como el Reglamento sobre los productos de inversión minorista vinculados y los productos de inversión basados en seguros (MiFID II, Directiva 2014/65/EU), abarca cualquier inversión en la que el importe reembolsable al cliente esté sujeto a fluctuaciones debido a la exposición a valores de referencia o a la evolución de uno o más activos no adquiridos directamente por el inversor minorista. En este tipo de productos se encuentran opciones, futuros, CFD, ETF, ETN y otros tipos de productos estructurados.

Es importante tener en cuenta que los brókeres no pueden permitir que los clientes minoristas compren productos empaquetados o basados en seguros salvo si el emisor de dichos productos proporciona el documento de advertencia correspondiente con el fin de que los brókeres lo puedan facilitar a los clientes. Este documento, denominado 'documento de datos fundamentales', contiene información de referencia sobre la descripción, perfiles de riesgos y rentabilidad, y posibles escenarios de rentabilidad. Los clientes estadounidenses no están afectados por los productos empaquetados o basados en seguros y, por tanto, los emisores de algunos ETF cotizados estadounidenses más populares normalmente optan por no elaborar documentos de datos fundamentales. Es por esto por lo que los clientes minoristas EEE no pueden comprar dicho producto.

IBKR clasifica los clientes particulares como clientes "minoristas" de manera predeterminada, dado que esta clasificación les permite obtener el nivel de protección más amplio ofrecido por el MiFID. Los clientes clasificados como “profesionales” no obtienen el mismo nivel de protección que los clientes minoristas, pero no están sujetos a los requisitos expuestos en los documentos de datos fundamentales. De conformidad con lo dispuesto en el MiFID II, en la categoría de clientes "profesionales" se incluyen entidades reguladas, grandes empresas y particulares que hayan solicitado su reclasificación como clientes profesionales electivos ('elective professionals') y que cumplen los requisitos establecidos en el MiFID II sobre conocimientos, experiencia y competencias financieras.

IB proporciona un proceso en línea que permite que los clientes minoristas soliciten su reclasificación como profesionales. En el artículo KB3298 se proporciona información relacionada con los requisitos de reclasificación, junto con los pasos a seguir para realizar revisión de la clasificación. Para solicitar directamente el cambio de su clasificación, puede encontrar el cuestionario en Client Portal/Gestión de cuenta.

PRIIPs Overview

In 2018, an EU regulation, intended to protect “Retail” clients by ensuring that they are provided with adequate disclosure when purchasing certain products took effect. This regulation is known as the Packaged Retail and Insurance-based Investment Product Regulation (MiFID II, Directive 2014/65/EU), or PRIIPs, and it covers any investment where the amount payable to the client fluctuates because of exposure to reference values or to the performance of one or more assets not directly purchased by such retail investor. Common examples of such products include options, futures, CFDs, ETFs, ETNs and other structured products.

It’s important to note that a broker cannot allow a Retail client to purchase a product covered by PRIIPs unless the issuer of that product has prepared the required disclosure document for the broker to provide to the client. This disclosure document is referred to as a Key Information Document, or KID, and it contains information such as product description, cost, risk-reward profile and possible performance scenarios. U.S. clients are not impacted by PRIIPs, so the issuers of some of the more popular U.S. listed ETFs often elect not to create a KID. This means that EEA Retail client may not purchase the product.

IBKR categorises all individual clients as “Retail” by default as this affords clients the broadest level of protection afforded by MiFID. Client who are categorised as “Professional” do not receive the same level of protection as “Retail” but are not subject to the KIDs requirement. As defined under MiFID II rules, “Professional” clients include regulated entities, large clients and individuals who have asked to be re-categorised as “elective professional clients” and meet the MiFID II requirements based on their knowledge, experience and financial capability.

IB provides an online step-by-step process that allows “Retail” to request that their categorisation be changed to “Professional". The qualifications for re-categorisation along with the steps for requesting that one’s categorisation be considered are outlined in KB3298 or, to directly apply for a change in categorisation, the questionnaire, is available in the Client Portal/Account Management.

Interactive Brokers (U.K.) Limited – Clasificación MiFID


En el acto legislativo de la Unión Europea conocido como 'Directiva sobre Mercados de Instrumentos Financieros', o MiFID, por sus siglas en inglés, enmendado por el MiFID II, se requiere que Interactive Brokers (U.K.) Limited (IBUK) clasifique sus clientes en función de su conocimiento y experiencia entre 'clientes particulares', 'clientes profesionales' o 'contrapartes elegibles'. 

De conformidad con el reglamento de la Financial Conduct Authority, IBUK categoriza la mayoría de los clientes como 'particulares', lo que les ofrece un mayor grado de protección.
Solo aquellos clientes que son o entidades reguladas o fondos gestionados por gestores de fondos regulados se clasifican como clientes profesionales per se.

Las principales diferencias respecto de las regulaciones legales entre los clientes profesionales y los clientes particulares son las siguientes:

1. Descripción de la naturaleza y los riesgos de los paquetes de inversión: Las empresas que ofrezcan servicios de inversión conjuntamente con otro servicio o producto, como condición para el mismo acuerdo con un cliente minorista, deben cumplir lo siguiente: (i) informar a los clientes minoristas si los riesgos asociados a dicho acuerdo serán diferentes de los riesgos asociados a los componentes considerados por separado; y (ii) proporcionar a los clientes minoristas una descripción detallada de los diferentes componentes del acuerdo y del modo en el que la interacción entre ellos modifica los riesgos. Dichos requisitos no se aplican a los clientes profesionales. No obstante, IBUK no realizará dicha distinción excepto en el caso especificado en el punto 3 que figura más adelante.

2. Medidas para la protección de los inversores sobre la provisión de contratos por diferencia (CFD): La Asociación Europea de Valores y Mercados (AEVM) ha establecido medidas de intervención de productos para la provisión de CFD a los clientes minoristas. Entre estas medidas se incluyen las siguientes: (i) nuevos límites de apalancamiento en la apertura de una posición, los cuales variarán en función de la volatilidad del mercado subyacente; (ii) una norma de liquidación de la garantía por cuenta, la cual estandariza el porcentaje de margen al que los proveedores están obligados a liquidar uno o más CFD abiertos; (iii) protección ante saldos negativos para las cuentas;
(iv) restricciones en los incentivos ofrecidos para negociar CFD; y (v) una advertencia de riesgo estandarizada en la que se incluye el porcentaje de pérdidas de las cuentas de inversores minoristas del proveedor de CFD. Dichos requisitos no se aplican a los clientes profesionales.

3. Comunicación con los clientes: Las empresas deben asegurarse de que sus comunicaciones con los clientes son imparciales, transparentes y correctas. No obstante, la manera en la que una empresa se comunica con sus clientes (acerca de la empresa, sus servicios y productos y sus remuneraciones) puede variar entre los clientes minoristas y profesionales. Las obligaciones de la empresa en lo que se refiere a la elaboración de detalles, el medio utilizado y el calendario de la provisión de información varía en función de los clientes minoristas o profesionales. Los requisitos para proporcionar documentos sobre determinados productos específicos como, por ejemplo, documentos de información clave (KID) para productos de inversión minorista empaquetados y productos de inversión basados en seguros (PRIIP), no se aplican a los clientes profesionales.

4. Notificación sobre la depreciación en el valor: Las firmas que dispongan de cuentas de clientes minoristas con posiciones en instrumentos financieros apalancados u operaciones causantes de pasivo contingente deben informarles en los casos en los que el valor inicial de cada instrumento se deprecie un 10 por ciento y posteriormente a múltiplos del 10 por ciento. Dichos requisitos no se aplican a los clientes profesionales.

5. Idoneidad de los servicios: Al examinar la idoneidad de los servicios sin asesoramiento, puede que se requiera que la empresa determine si el cliente tiene experiencia y conocimientos suficientes para entender los riesgos que conllevan los productos o servicios ofrecidos o solicitados. Cuando dicho requisito de evaluación de la idoneidad se aplique a un cliente, la empresa podrá suponer que el cliente profesional dispone de la experiencia y conocimiento necesarios para comprender los riesgos que conllevan estos servicios u operaciones de inversión concretos, o los tipos de transacciones o productos, para los que el cliente es clasificado como cliente profesional. La empresa no hará la misma suposición para los clientes minoristas, y debe evaluar si dichos clientes minoristas disponen del nivel de conocimientos y experiencia necesarios.

IBUK no proporciona servicios de asesoramiento y no está obligado a solicitar información o adherirse a los procedimientos de evaluación para los clientes profesionales al examinar la idoneidad de un servicio o producto concretos. 

6. Exclusión de responsabilidades: La capacidad de la empresa para excluirse o restringir cualquier deber o responsabilidad que deba a los clientes es menor según las reglas de la FCA en el caso de los clientes minoristas frente a los clientes profesionales.

7. Defensor de servicios financieros: El servicio del defensor de servicios financieros del Reino Unido no está a disposición de los clientes profesionales, excepto si son, por ejemplo, consumidores, pequeñas empresas o particulares que actúen al margen de su negocio, empresa o profesión.

8. Compensación: IBUK es miembro del UK Financial Services Compensation Scheme ('Plan de compensación de servicios financieros del Reino Unido'). Puede que sea elegible para reclamar una compensación en este plan si IBUK no puede cumplir con sus obligaciones. Esto dependerá del tipo de empresa y de las circunstancias de la reclamación; las compensaciones solo están disponibles para un determinado tipo de demandantes y reclamaciones en función del tipo de negocio. La elegibilidad a la compensación con este plan se determina en las reglas aplicables a dicho plan.

Clasificación como cliente profesional

IBUK permite que los clientes minoristas se clasifiquen como profesionales. Los clientes reciben una notificación sobre su categoría de cliente y pueden consultarla en cualquier momento en Gestión de cuenta, en Ajustes > Ajustes de cuenta > Categoría de cliente de MiFID. En esa misma página, los clientes pueden solicitar el cambio de clasificación de categoría MiFID.

IBUK examinará el cambio de clasificación de minoristas a profesionales en los dos casos siguientes:

1. Los clientes minoristas pueden notificar a IBUK que deberían haberse clasificado como profesionales per se, de conformidad con las normas de FCA, dado que cumplen uno de los requisitos siguientes:

(i) están autorizados o regulados a operar en los mercados financieros;

(ii) una grande empresa que cumple dos de los volúmenes siguientes:

(a) total del balance: 20 000 000 EUR;
(b) volumen de negocios neto: 40 000 000 EUR;
(c) fondos propios: 2 000 000 EUR;

(iii) un inversor institucional cuya actividad principal sea la inversión en instrumentos financieros. En este se incluyen las entidades dedicadas a las titulizaciones de activos u otras transacciones financieras.

2. IBUK puede considerar los clientes como clientes profesionales optativos si, basándose en una evaluación de la experiencia, competencias y conocimientos del cliente, IBUK está seguro de que el cliente es capaz de tomar sus propias decisiones de inversión y comprender los riesgos implicados a la luz de la naturaleza de las transacciones o de los servicios previstos. Los clientes que no cumplan los requisitos de clasificación como clientes profesionales per se pueden solicitar clasificarse como profesionales electivos.

Para obtener esta clasificación, los clientes minoristas deben facilitar pruebas de que cumplen con al menos dos (2) de los criterios siguientes:

1. Durante los últimos cuatro (4) trimestres, el cliente llevó a cabo operaciones en instrumentos financieros con un volumen significativo y con una frecuencia promedio de diez (10) por trimestre.

Para determinar el volumen 'significativo', IBUK tiene en cuenta lo siguiente:

a. durante los últimos cuatro trimestres, se produjeron un mínimo de cuarenta (40) operaciones;
b. durante cada uno de los cuatro (4) trimestres, se realizó un mínimo de una (1) operación;
c. el valor nocional de las principales cuarenta (40) operaciones en los últimos cuatro (4) trimestres es superior a 200 000 EUR; y
d. la cuenta dispone de un valor de activo neto superior a 50 000 EUR.

Las transacciones en Spot FX y metales OTC sin distribuir no se consideran a efectos de dichos cálculos.

2. El cliente dispone de una cartera de instrumentos financieros (incluyendo efectivo) que excede los 500 000 EUR (o equivalente);

3. El cliente es un titular de una cuenda individual o un operador de una cuenta de organización que trabaja o ha trabajado en el sector financiero durante al menos un año en una posición profesional en la que se requieren conocimientos necesarios de los productos negociados.

Tras la revisión y verificación de toda la información y pruebas facilitadas para su corrobación, IBUK clasificará los clientes en caso de que se cumplan todas las condiciones.

Los clientes minoristas que soliciten clasificarse como profesionales deben leer y entender las advertencias facilitadas por IBUK antes de presentar su solicitud.

Clasificación como cliente minorista Los clientes profesionales pueden solicitar a IBUK clasificarse como clientes minoristas en la página de Gestión de cuenta mencionada anteriormente (en Ajustes> Ajustes de cuenta> Categoría de cliente de MiFID).

IBUK acepta todo tipo de solicitudes, con la única excepción de las de las entidades reguladas o los fondos gestionados por gestores de fondos regulados, los cuales se clasifican como clientes profesionales per se.




Interactive Brokers (U.K.) Limited – MiFID Categorisation


The European Union legislative act known as the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive, or MiFID, as amended by MiFID II, requires Interactive Brokers (U.K.) Limited (IBUK) to classify each Client according to their knowledge, experience and expertise: "Retail", "Professional" or "Eligible Counterparty". 

In accordance with the Financial Conduct Authority rules, IBUK categorises most clients as Retail clients, providing them with a higher degree of protection.
Only those clients that are either regulated entities or funds managed by regulated fund managers, are categorised as Per Se Professional Clients.

The main differences in regulatory protections afforded to Professional Clients as compared with Retails Clients are:

1. Description of the nature and risks of packaged investments: A firm that offers an investment service with another service or product or as a condition of the same agreement with a retail client must: (i) inform retail clients if the risks resulting from the agreement are likely to be different from the risks associated with the components when taken separately; and (ii) provide retail clients with an adequate description of the different components of the agreement and the way in which its interaction modifies the risks. The above requirements do not apply in respect of professional clients. However, IBUK will not make such differentiation apart from the case specified under point 3 below.

2. Investor protection measures on the provision of Contracts for Differences (“CFDs”): The European Securities and Markets Authority (“ESMA”) introduced product intervention measures on the provision of CFDs to retail investors. The measures include: (i) New leverage limits on the opening of a position, which vary according to the volatility of the underlying; (ii) A margin close out rule on a per account basis that standardises the percentage of margin at which providers are required to close out one or more open CFDs; (iii) Negative balance protection on a per account basis;
(iv) A restriction on the incentives offered to trade CFDs; and (v) A standardised risk warning, including the percentage of losses on a CFD provider’s retail investor accounts.The above requirements do not apply in respect of professional clients.

3. Communication with clients: A firm must ensure that its communications with all clients are fair, clear and not misleading. However, the way in which a firm may communicate with professional clients (about itself, its services and products, and its remuneration) may be different from the way in which the firm communicates with retail clients. A firm’s obligations in respect of the level of details, medium and timing of the provision of information are different depending on whether the client is a retail or professional client. The requirements to deliver certain product-specific documents, such as Key Information Documents (“KID”) for Packaged Retail and Insurance-based Investment Products (“PRIIPs”), are not applied to professional clients.

4. Depreciation in value reporting: A firm that holds a retail client account that includes positions in leveraged financial instruments or contingent liability transactions must inform the retail client, where the initial value of each instrument depreciates by 10 per cent and thereafter at multiples of 10 per cent. The above requirements do not apply in respect of professional clients.

5. Appropriateness: When assessing appropriateness for non-advised services, a firm may be required to determine whether the client has the necessary experience and knowledge in order to understand the risks involved in relation to the product or service offered or demanded. Where such an appropriateness assessment requirement applies in respect of a client, the firm may assume that a professional client has the necessary experience and knowledge in order to understand the risks involved in relation to those particular investment services or transactions, or types of transaction or product, for which the client is classified as a professional client. A firm may not make such an assumption for a retail client and must determine that a retail client does have the necessary level of experience and knowledge.

IBUK provides non-advised services and is not required to request information or adhere to the assessment procedures for a professional client when assessing the appropriateness of a given service or product as with a retail client, and IBUK may not be required to give warnings to the professional client if it cannot determine appropriateness with respect to a given service or product. 

6. Exclusion of liability: Firms’ ability to exclude or restrict any duty or liability owed to clients is narrower under the FCA rules in the case of retail clients than in respect of professional clients.

7. The Financial Services Ombudsman: The services of the Financial Ombudsman Service in the UK may not be available to professional clients, unless they are, for example, consumers, small businesses or individuals acting outside of their trade, business, craft or profession.

8. Compensation: IBUK is a member of the UK Financial Services Compensation Scheme. You may be entitled to claim compensation from that scheme if IBUK cannot meet its obligations to you. This will depend on the type of business and the circumstances of the claim; compensation is only available for certain types of claimants and claims in respect of certain types of business. Eligibility for compensation from the scheme is determined under the rules applicable to the scheme.

Re-categorisation as Professional Client

IBUK allows its Retail Clients to request to be re-categorised as Professional Clients. Clients are notified of their Client Category and can check it at any time from Account Management, under Settings> Account Settings> MiFID Client Category. From this same screen, Clients can also request to change their MiFID Category.

IBUK will consider re-categorising Retail Clients to Professional Clients in two instances:

1. Per Se Professional Clients can notify IBUK that they consider that they should have been categorised as Per Se Professionals under the FCA rules, because at least one of the following conditions applies:

(i) authorised or regulated to operate in the financial markets; or

(ii) a large undertaking meeting two of the following size requirements on a company basis:

(a) balance sheet total of EUR 20,000,000;
(b) net turnover of EUR 40,000,000;
(c) own funds of EUR 2,000,000;

(iii) an institutional investor whose main activity is to invest in financial instruments. This includes entities dedicated to the securitisation of assets or other financing transactions.

2. IBUK may treat Clients as Elective Professional Clients if, based on an assessment of the Client’s expertise, experience, and knowledge, IBUK is reasonably assured that, in light of the nature of the transactions or services envisaged, the Client is capable of making its own investment decisions and understand the risks involved. Clients who do not meet the requirements to be categorised as Per Se Professional Clients can still request to be categorised as Elective Professional Clients.

To obtain such re-categorisation, Retail Clients must provide evidence that they satisfy at least two (2) of the following criteria:

1. Over the last four (4) quarters, the Client conducted trades in financial instruments in significant size at an average frequency of ten (10) per quarter.

To determine the significant size IBUK considers the following:

a. During the last four quarters, there were at least forty (40) trades; and
b. During each of the last four (4) quarters, there was at least one (1) trade; and
c. The total notional value of the top forty (40) trades of the last four (4) quarters is greater than EUR 200,000; and
d. The account has a net asset value greater than EUR 50,000.

Trades in Spot FX and Unallocated OTC Metals are not considered for the purpose of this calculation.

2. The Client holds a portfolio of financial instruments (including cash) that exceeds EUR 500,000 (or equivalent);

3. The Client is an individual accountholder or a trader of an organisation account who works or has worked in the financial sector for at least one year in a professional position which requires knowledge of products it trades in.

Upon review and verification of the information and supporting evidence provided, IBUK will re-categorise clients if all relevant conditions are met to satisfaction.

Retail Clients requesting to be re-categorised as Professional Accounts must read and understand the warning provided by IBUK before the relevant request is submitted.

Re-categorisation as Retail Client Professional Clients can request IBUK to be re-categorised as Retail Clients, from the same Account Management page described above (under Settings> Account Settings> MiFID Client Category).

With the sole exception of regulated entities or funds managed by regulated fund managers, which are categorised as Per Se Professional Clients, IBUK accepts all such requests.




Information Regarding Australian Regulatory Status Under IBKR Australia

Australian resident customers maintaining an account with Interactive Brokers Australia Pty Ltd (IBKR
Australia), which holds an Australian Financial Services License, number 453554, are initially
classified as a retail investor, unless they satisfy one or more of the requirements to be classified as a
wholesale or professional investor according to the relevant provisions of the Corporations Act 2001.
This article outlines how this process is handled by IBKR Australia.

Australian Regulatory Status
All new customers of IBKR Australia default to being classified as a retail investor unless they produce to
IBKR Australia the required documentary evidence to allow IBKR Australia to treat them as a wholesale or
professional investor. Investors of IBKR Australia will only have their regulatory status change from
retail investor to either wholesale or professional investor subsequent to the required
documentation being received and approved by IBKR Australia.

What is a Wholesale Investor?
The most common way to be classified as a wholesale investor is to obtain a qualified accountant’s
certificate stating that you have net assets or net worth of at least $2.5 million AUD OR have a gross
annual income of at least $250,000 AUD in each of the last two financial years. The qualified
accountant’s certificate is only valid for two years before it needs to be renewed. We have prepared a
wholesale investor booklet, including a pro forma certificate for your accountant to complete, that
can be downloaded [here].

What is a Professional Investor?
In order to qualify as a professional investor, you must have an AFSL, be a body regulated by APRA, be a superannuation fund (but not a SMSF) and/or have net worth or liquid net worth of at least $10 million AUD. If you meet ONLY the financial criteria (i.e. net worth or liquid net worth of at least $10 million AUD), you will need to complete and submit to IBKR Australia the professional investor declaration contained within the professional investor booklet that we have prepared, which can be downloaded [here]. However, if you meet the criteria by virtue of having an AFSL, being a body regulated by APRA, or as a listed company (but not a SMSF), no booklet needs to be submitted.

What about Self-Managed Super Funds (SMSF’s)?
IBKR Australia have decided to treat all SMSF’s as retail investors, notwithstanding that they may meet the requirements to otherwise be classified as a wholesale or professional investor.

What about trusts?
For a trust to be considered as a wholesale investor, all trustees must be considered a wholesale
investor based on the tests described above.

Similarly, for a trust to be considered as a professional investor, all trustees must be considered a
professional investor based on the tests described above.

As a result, if at least one trustee is considered retail, the trust is considered a retail trust, regardless
of the status of any other trustees (if applicable).


  • For a full list of the disclosure documents and legal terms which govern the services IBKR Australia will make available please refer to the IBKR website.
  • For further information on IBKR Australia, click on our Financial Services Guide.
  • For more information or assistance, please contact IBKR Investor Services.


Restricciones de cámaras de compensación para valores de cannabis

Boerse Stuttgart y Clearstream Banking han anunciado que ya no proporcionarán servicios para emisiones cuyo negocio principal esté conectado directa o indirectamente con el cannabis y otros productos narcóticos.  En consecuencia, estos valores ya no operarán en las bolsas de Stuttgart (SWB) o Frankfurt (FWB). Con efecto al cierre del 19 de septiembre de 2018, IBKR llevará a cabo las siguientes acciones:

  1. Cierre forzoso de todas las posiciones impactadas para las que los clientes no hayan actuado para cerrarlas y que no sean eligibles para transferencia a una cotización estadounidenses; y
  2. Transferencia forzosa a un mercado estadounidenses de todas las posiciones impactadas para las que los clientes no hayan actuado para cerrarlas y que sean eligibles para dicha transferencia.

En la tabla siguiente se indican las emisiones afectadas según han anunciado Boerse Stuttgart y Clearstream Banking  a fecha del 7 de agosto de 2018. Esta tabla incluye una nota indicando si las emisiones afectadas son elegibles para transferencia a un mercado estadounidense. Tenga en cuenta que las cámaras de compensación han indicado que esta lista podría no estar completa y se aconseja a los clientes que revisen sus páginas web respectivas para la información más actualizada.




































































  • Tenga en cuenta que las cotizaciones estadounidenses generalmente operan de forma extrabursátil (PINK) y están denominadas en USD, no EUR, lo cual le expone al riesgo de cambio de divisas, además del riesgo de mercado
  • Los titulares de cuenta que mantengan valores PINK Sheet requieren permisos de negociación para Estados Unidos (Penny Stocks) para poder introducir órdenes de apertura.
  • Todos los usuarios con cuentas que mantengan permisos de negociación para Estados Unidos (Penny Stocks) deben tener protección de 2 factores cuando se conecten a la cuenta.
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